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17 terms

WWII conferences

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United Nations Declaration Conference
Jan 1, 1942, DC. 26 nations, US, GB, USSR, China. affirmed Atlantic Charter. pledged against Axis, no separate armistice with common enemy. signed Declaration of UN
First Moscow Conference
Aug 12-15, 1942. Stalin, Churchill, Harriman (for FDR). GB and US told USSR they couldn't open second front in Europe yet
Casablanca Conference
Jan 14-24, 1943, French Morocco. FDR, Gen de Gualle, Gen Giraud, Churchill. would fight until "unconditional surrender." second front: US wanted to go through France, GB wanted through Italy and Balkans. Eisenhower=supreme command in North Africa (Operation Torch)
Anglo-American Conference
May 12-25, 1943, DC. FDR, Churchill, Combined Chiefs of Staff, US and GB officials. planned global strategy: second front, date for Normandy invasion, seizure of Azores from Portugal for bases, aviation gas flown over "hump" from India to China.
First Quebec Conference
Aug 11-24, 1943. FDR, Churchill, Combined Chiefs of Staff. reaffirmed Normandy (Overlord), with landings in south France (Anvil, later Dragoon). agreement about military operations in Far East: SE Asia command, Lord Louis Mountbatten. Chiefs of Naval Staffs reported Allies won Atlantic Battle.
Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers
OCT 19-30, 1943. first Allied 3 power meeting of WWII. Sec of State Hull, USSR Foreign Minister Molotov, US GB USSR military officials. status of Polish gov-in-exile, USSR refused to recognize. US and GB assured USSR of second front. USSR made unconditional promise to enter war with Japan after Germany's defeat. established European Advisory Commission for Germany's postwar policy. Moscow Declaration: necessity for international peace organization.
First Cairo Conference
Nov 22-26, 1943. FDR, Churchill, Generalissimo and Madame Chiang Kaishek. Far East war: Declaration of Cairo: 3 powers would continue war against Japan until unconditional surrender, no territorial expansion, Japan would lose all Pacific Islands from after 1914, Manchuria Formosa Pescadores returned to China, freedom for Korea.
Second Cairo Conference
Dec 4-6, 1943. FDR, Churchill, pres of Turkey Inonu. alliance with GB and Turkey, friendship between Turkey US USSR. Eisenhower to command invasion of W Europe
Teheran Conference
Nov 28-Dec 1, 1943. FDR, Churchill, Stalin. second front: Anglo-American invasion of W Europe, flanking invasion through S France, USSR offensive in Germany. Stalin reaffirmed promise to enter war with Japan. plan for international organization for peace.
Dumbarton Oaks Conference
Aug 21-Oct 7, 1944, near DC. reps for US, GB, USSR, China. draft charter for permanent postwar international organization for peace= Dumbarton Oaks Plan, basis for UN Charter. no agreement on veto issue, which would exclude country from voting if relevant to them, because USSR refused it.
Second Quebec Conference
Sept 11-Sept 16, 1944. FDR, Churchill. strategic plans for final victory over Germany and Japan. 4 occupational zones in Germany and governing policy (US, GB, France, USSR). Morgenthau Plan (sec of treas Morgenthau Jr): to reduce Germany to agrarian econ, rejected by FDR.
Second Moscow Conference
Oct 9-18, 1944. Churchill, Stalin. divided Balkans into spheres: USSR Rumania Bulgaria Hungary (buffer zone), GB Greece (canals, etc), both Yugoslavia. Poland: east border=Curzon Line, west border=Oder River, which FDR disagreed with.
Malta Conference
Jan 1945. Combined Chiefs of Staff. planned final campaign against Hitler.
Yalta Conference
Feb 4-11, 1945. Crimea. FDR, Churchill, Stalin. USSR: pledge to enter war in Far East, got Kurile Islands, S Sakhalin, zone in Korea, rights to Manchuria, Dairen and Port Arthur in China, (from US and GB): Outer Mangolia, E Poland, which expanded N and W at expense of Germany. agreement on reorganizing Polish gov to be dem. USSR demanded $20bil in reparations from Germany. Declaration of Liberated Europe: big 3 would support postwar free dem govs. planned UN Charter, secretly agreed Ukraine and Byelo-Russia would be granted equal membership in UN.
UN Conference on Interantional Organization
Apr 25-Jun 26, 1945, San Francisco. delegates of 50 nations. draft Charter for UN Organization (UNO). Stalin gave in to no veto. 6 chief organs: General Assembly of all nations each with 1 vote to make policies, Security Council of 11 members for diplomatic/political/military disputes with permanent seats for Big 5 (US, GB, USSR, France, China) and 6 alternating seats, International Court of Justice at the Hague for international legal disputes with 15 judges elected by Gen Assembly and Sec Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council. headed by Secretary-General. unanimously approved June 25, signed June 26.
European Advisory Commission
June 5, 1945. German zones assigned. USSR E Germany, US and France S Germany, GB W Germany. Berlin shared, in middle of USSR zone, all ground attacks dominated by USSR. admin of Berlin given to military Kommandatura.
Potsdam Conference
July 17-Aug 2, 1945. Truman, Churchill (replaced by Attlee), Stail, sec of state Byrnes, Foreign Sec Eden (replaced by Bevin), USSR Foreign Sec Molotov. unconditional surrender ultimatum to Japan. Council of Foreign Ministers established: members from Big 5, drafted treaties with Austria Hungary Bulgaria Rumania Finland, plan to denazify decentralize disarm democratize Germany, trial of war criminals, USSR abandoned $20bil reparations demand for percentage schedule, 6500000 Germans from Hungary Czech Poland to Germany, German econ would focus on agriculture and domestic industries.