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CRM105 "Criminal Justice Today" Ch. 15
Terms in this set (20)
In re Winship held that delinquency must be established:
beyond a reasonable doubt
The principle of parens patriae:
permits the state to assume the role of the parents
In 2013, California Governor Jerry Brown announced that he would stop new admissions to the state's Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) facilities and provide funds to the counties in an effort to have the counties deal with juveniles at the point they are most likely to return. This is an example of a:
Which landmark U.S. Supreme court case guaranteed juvenile the following rights: Notice of charges, right to counsel, right to confront and to cross examine witnesses, and protection against self-incrimination?
in re gault
Which of the following categories of children violate laws written only for children?
A document filed in juvenile court alleging that a juvenile is a delinquent, a status offender, or a dependent and asking that the court assume jurisdiction over the juvenile is a:
Which is the first step in decision-making regarding a juvenile whose behavior or alleged behavior is in violation of the law or could otherwise cause a juvenile court to assume jurisdiction?
McKeiver v. Pennsylvania held that juveniles do NOT have the constitutional right to:
a jury trial
The fact-finding process by which the juvenile court determines whether or not there is sufficient evidence to sustain the allegations in a petition is known as:
The final stage in the processing of adjudicated juveniles in which a decision is made on the form of treatment or penalty that should be imposed on the child is known as:
Truancy, vagrancy, and running away from home are examples of:
In 1899 the ________________Juvenile Court Act created a juvenile court, separate in form and function from adult criminal courts. To avoid the lasting stigma of criminality, the law applied the term delinquent rather than criminal to young adjudicated offenders, and that is the model we use today.
The Kent v. U.S. decision meant that the courts must provide which of the following in juvenile proceedings?
A child who has engaged in activity that would be considered a crime if the child were an adult is considered to be what type of child?
Which of the following is NOT one of the six categories of children in the juvenile justice system?
The combination of the government agencies that function to investigate, supervise, adjudicate, care for, or confine youthful offenders and other children subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court is known as the:
juvenile justice system
Which of the following types of children do not receive proper care from their parents or guardians? They may suffer from malnutrition or may not be provided with adequate shelter.
In 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the __________of juvenile suspects must be considered when determining whether they would feel free not to respond to police questioning.
A juvenile court disposition that imposes both a juvenile sanction and an adult criminal sentence upon an adjudicated delinquent is known as a ______________ sentence.
In which portion of a juvenile case does a judge decide whether or not to confine a juvenile?
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