Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (82)
Rocky and shallow sections along the Nile River. There were 6 in total and they created natural divisions within the country. They were impassable by boat, unless it was during the annual inundation.
The fertile region of Lower Egypt were the 12 tributaries of the Nile fed into the ocean. A fertile farming area.
The annual flood of the Nile. This was hugely important to Ancient Egypt as it provided for their farming needs. Not only this, their calendar and social structure was closely based around this annual flood.
The monumental structures built by the Old Kingdom Pharaohs. They were both a monument to the rule of the Pharaoh and also a tomb for him to make his ascension to the heavens. They became far less popular in the Middle and New Kingdom.
Pictures, characters, or symbols standing for words, ideas, or sounds.
A continuing line of rulers who would pass the ruling of a country from father to son, most commonly. However, if there was no son, the rule could pass to another family member.
King of Upper Egypt who united the two kingdoms. The evidence of this can be found on a famous Palette.
Black Land. Fertile land on the banks of the Nile River. This narrow strip of land ran all the way down the banks of the Nile through upper Egypt. At the delta in Lower Egypt it was far more fertile.
Red Land. The name the Egyptians gave the desert lands that existed on either side of the Nile. They were difficult to pass and provided the Egyptian civilisation with a reasonable level of isolation from foreign invaders.
Original autonomous city-states along the Nile. Ruled by a Nomarch. Throughout Egyptian history, certain provinces would gain more power and often usurp the power of the Pharaoh himself.
A governor that was head of each nome and was responsible to the king and vizier during the Old Kingdom. They had jobs such as measuring the annual floods, collecting taxes and administering their Nome so that it functions correctly.
The highest office in the Egyptian governmental hierarchy below the king. Would work very closely with the Pharaoh and was his direct advisor. The families themselves became very important and dynasties in their own right.
The people from western Asia who invaded Egypt thus beginning the second Intermediate period. They conquered Lower Egypt and were responsible for establishing the 15th Dynasty. They brought many advantages to Egypt, such as methods of farming, new weapons and even new forms of clothing.
First Intermediate Period
A period of significant turbulence caused by a succession of low Nile floods, which led to the collapse of the Old Kingdom due to the lack of a strong centralised government. This period comprises the 7th-10th dynasties of Ancient Egypt.
What the ancient Egyptians called their king. The political and religious leader, holding the titles: 'Lord of the Two Lands'.
The area of Egypt located in the North, found around the Nile Delta. The first capital of united Egypt, Memphis, was located in this area.
The area of Southern Egypt located on either side of the Nile river.
Formal name for the double crown, the combined red and white crown that represented a united Egypt.
People who specialized in writing and record keeping. They were very important in Egyptian history as they recorded the great deeds of the Pharaohs and also the annual inundation.
An oval shape inside which a pharaoh's royal name and title was inscribed in hieroglyphics, protective mechanism often seen on tomb walls.
An early tomb structure built during the pre-dynastic period of Ancient Egypt. They preceded the stepped pyramids and were resting places for important nobles.
An artifact which supports the theory that Narmer unified Egypt because it shows him wearing both the white and red crown. It was a ceremonial palette used to mix cosmetics. It is the only surviving piece of evidence that displays Narmer unifying the two lands and becoming undisputed King of Egypt.
The falcon headed god. He was the son of Isis and Osiris, shown with the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. The pharaohs were thought to represent Horus on earth.
The father to Horus. His death and rebirth made him the god of the afterlife. The pharaohs believed they joined him after their death. The Pharaoh would quite literally BECOME Osiris when he ascended to the heavens.
The Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, represented by a goddess, often portrayed with a feather upon her head. She is often seen with large, spread, feathered wings. It was very important for the Pharaoh to always uphold this to ensure that they maintained a firm grip on their rule.
The pyramid shaped stone that represented the very first mound of Earth and marked the point where the first rays of sunlight fell from Re. The pyramids were said to signify the stone and each pyramid was capped with a representation of the original Ben-Ben stone.
The sun god. Egyptians believed that he created the world, and the rising sun was, for them, the symbol of creation. Towards the end of the Old Kingdom, Pharaohs became very closely associated with sun, thus providing a great deal of power and influence to the Heliopolitan priesthood of Re.
Pharaoh and possibly the founder of the Third Dynasty of the Old Kingdom in Egypt. He was responsible for the world's first known monumental stone building, the Step Pyramid at Saqqara.
He was a vizier, scribe and architect who designed the first pyramid, Djoser's Step pyramid. He was later worshiped as the god of wisdom.
Jackal-headed Egyptian god of death, tombs, mummification and embalming. The Priests of Anubis would wear a Jackal head mask as they embalmed bodies for burial.
Small ornamental jars each on with a god's head on the lid. These were used to enclose the organs taken from the dead body. They were placed in the tomb with the body and everything else.
The largest and grandest of the pyramids; built for King Khufu around 2540 B.C.; one of three still standing in Giza on the west bank of the Nile.
6th Dynasty, ruled over Egypt for 94 years. No clear pharaoh after his reign which led to a vacuum of power and contributed to the collapse of the Old Kingdom.
Crook and Flail
Shepherd's tools - They were the symbols of divine authority carried by Pharaohs of the Middle and New Kingdoms and and became two of the most prominent items in the royal regalia.
The concept of having two pharaohs at any one time that developed during the Middle and New Kingdom. One of these pharaohs would be in charge, while the other would be the successor, allowing for a smooth transition.
The center of the priesthood who worshiped the sun god Re. Located in the apex of the Nile Delta and the capital of the 13th Lower Egyptian nome. The city gained massive prominence towards the end of the Old Kingdom
God of the Nile who was responsible for the annual inundations or floods would bring sufficient water to their fields, so that they would have a plentiful harvest. Was quite literally the personification of the annual Nile Inundation and was an important god to the Ancient Egyptians.
In ancient Egypt, the linen headdress worn by the pharaoh, with the uraeus cobra of kingship on the front.
White Crown (The Bright One, or "bowling pin crown"), adorned the pharaoh as ruler of Upper Egypt. Obviously this became a part of Pschent when Upper and Lower Egypt were combined.
Most commonly called Red Crown (interpreted from the Middle Kingdom as referring to the goddess Neith), marked the pharaoh as ruler of Lower Egypt. This was incorporated as part of the Pschent when Egypt was united.
Otherwise known as (Blue Crown), sometimes referred to as the War Crown, is attested in texts from the Second Intermediate Period onward. It was often worn by the Warrior Pharaohs and is used in Egyptian imagery to display their military prowess.
A sacred serpent worn as a protective deity on the headdresses of pharaohs as an emblem of supreme power.
Hanging from the back of the Pharaoh's kilt. It is likely that this emphasised the strength and procreative power of the ruler.
Is one of the most ancient symbols of authority. The words "nobleman" and "official" both included the hieroglyph of a staff, represented the authority of any person with significant power, not just the pharaoh.
Strongly associated with divinity/masculinity in particular the deceased pharaoh was often depicted as Osiris, and so wore the osiriform beard.
The capital of Old Kingdom Egypt, near the head of the Nile Delta. Early rulers were interred in the nearby pyramids.
Capital city of Egypt and home of the ruling dynasties during the Middle and New Kingdoms. Amun, patron deity of the city, became one of the chief gods of Egypt. Monarchs were buried across the river in the Valley of the Kings.
Capital city located in the delta region of Egypt by the Hyksos when they ruled during the 2nd Intermediate Period. Sacked and destroyed by Ahmose, the first Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty and New Kingdom.
Sedge and bee
This plant is the symbol of Upper Egypt and the insect is the symbol of Lower Egypt. Also known as the "Lord of Two Lands", the King of Upper and Lower Egypt. These symbols can often be seen in the background of wall carvings featuring the Pharaohs.
A period of unrest, problems, civil war decentralised administration. Times when Ma'at is not being upheld and there is chaos throughout the lands. When the king's authority is challenged within and without; weak kings ruled, or foreigners came in and ruled. There were two significant Intermediate Periods.
Symbol of eternal life. A protective amulet worn by the Pharaoh. The gods are often seen holding it to his lips this is considered to be an offering of "The Breath of Life".
Heb Sed Festival
Jubilee festival which rejuvenates the pharaoh. Occurred every 30 years and every three years thereafter to show the continuing vitality of the king. The King would take place in a short, ceremonial foot race. He would also shoot an arrow in the four directions of the compass to display that he ruled over all of Egypt.
Capital of Egypt during the 12th Dynasty. Located near the Faiyum Region. Founded by Amenemhat I.
Early Dynastic Period
First Intermediate Period
Second Intermediate Period
Also known as Shenu
Early version of cartouche
Sedge and Bee
An opinion or perspective that is generally a firmly entrenched belief that reinforces the overall consensus of a historical event.
An opinion which is often a contentious theory that does not conform to the main belief or doctrine.
Reinterpret the orthodox views surrounding historical events and contest the orthodox or traditional long standing view. Often practiced by those in the minority, such as feminist historians, ethnic minority historians and those working outside of mainstream academia.
Historians who challenge the 'revisionists' by accepting some of their findings but rejecting most of their key claims in an attempt to strike a balance between the 'orthodox' and 'revisionist' opinions and perspectives.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
History: Ming Empire
The Legendary and the Great Rhetra
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 3 study guide
SS Chapter 4 Vocabulary Test
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Indigenous Land Rights
Regions of the World
10.4.a Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction,…
10.4.a Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction,…
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
NRS 230 Mod 1-3 (Done)
History (Evolution/ Civilization)
Lyndon B Johnson Study Guide