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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (50)
Which of the following statements about the battle of Gettysburg is accurate?
It was the last time the Confederacy would invade the north
Who was the only elected president to be denied renomination by his own party?
The first man to run for president under the banner of the new Republican party of the 1850's was?
John C. Fremont
The first southern state to secede from the Union?
Why was the Battle of Shiloh significant?
Grant realized that the only way the Civil War would come to an end would be through "complete conquest"
What was part of the Wilmot Proviso?
Banning slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico.
"Bleeding Kansas" was
A pro-slavery vs. anti-slavery civil war in Kansas
As a result of the Mexican-American War, the U.S. acquired territory that would eventually become the states of
California, Arizona, and New Mexico
Why did the North enjoy a numerical advantage over the army of the South?
The north had more states, and these states held a higher population
Officially, the Civil War came to an end at
Appomattox Court House
What was Grant's goal in capturing Petersburg?
To capture the railroad hub located there
Why did the annexation of Texas take place during neither Andrew Jackson's nor Martin Van Buren's presidency?
Annexing Texas as a slave state would cause conflict between northern and southern Democrats
They lived in the North and openly sympathized with the Confederacy
The Battle of the Alamo in Texas was
a defeat for the Texans.
John Brown's raid was
an attempt to trigger a slave rebellion across the South
A reason for the collapse of the southern plantation economy after the Civil War?
The labor force was decimated because of emancipation
What was a result of the Battle of Antietam?
Lincoln dismissed Gen. George McClellan
Treaty that ended the Mexican American War
What did Abraham Lincoln do in his first inaugural address?
He declared secession illegal
The term manifest destiny was coined by newspaper editor
John L. O'Sullivan
President James K. Polk stated that the immediate cause of the Mexican-American War was
Mexico's invasion of American territory
In late 1864, Gen. Sherman took 60,000 troops on a _____________ through Georgia in order to wage a "modern" war against Confederate soldiers ans civilians.
"march to the sea"
After the defeat at ___________ the South had lost the war in the West
What about the Emancipation Proclamation is true?
It abolished slavery in the Confederate-controlled states
What about the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 is accurate?
It required citizens to help locate and return runaway slaves
Why did Lincoln choose to abolish slavery in 1862?
Union successes had made it politically viable
What about the Fifteenth Amendment is accurate?
It gave African American men the right to vote
The first shots of the Civil War were fired at
What did president James Buchanan do in response to the secession of South Carolina?
He claimed he lacked the constitutional authority to act
What did the Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott vs. Stanford case do?
It maintained that Dred Scott must remain a slave
What led to the Texas War for independence?
Santa Anna became a dictator, inspiring Texas colonists to revolt
Which of the following statements about Abraham Lincoln is correct?
He issued a fairly lenient Reconstruction plan in 1863
The notion that citizens of a territory should regulate their own internal affairs just like the citizens of a state
The Freedman's Bureau was an organization that
was met with much resistance from white landowners but was able to start new schools for freed people across southern states
Because of ______ , the South enacted a draft much earlier than the North during the Civil War
a smaller male population
The greatest killer in the Civil War was
As president, Andrew Johnson
was prejudiced and combative.
The Fourteenth Amendment
made it clear that blacks were citizens
By 1843 a mass migration of people by wagon train was headed for ______, in search of fertile soil and plentiful timber
With the passage of the 14th amendment, the ______ assumed primary responsibility for protecting civil rights
The _________ to California in 1849 resulted in the greatest mass migration in American history
Slaves who ran away toward Union troops were
considered "contrabands of war."
Who was the president of the Confederate States of America?
The U.S. army under Gen. Winfield Scott conquered ______ in September 1847
The Crittenden Compromise sought to
allow slavery to expand across the Southwest below the Missouri Compromise line
The defeat of Confederate forces at ______ effectively broke the Confederacy in two
In 1863, the ______ was created to recruit African Americans to the Union Army
Bureau of Colored Troops
What was one area in which the South had an advantage over the North during the Civil War?
The experience of the military leadership
A goal of the Confederacy in the Civil War?
To receive support from England
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