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Government Unit Two

STUDY
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electorate
In the United States the ________ or the potential voting population, is made up of nearly 200 million people
political efficacy
People who do not believe their actions can affect politicts have no sense of ______
independent
is the term regularly used to describe those people who have no specific major party affiliation
gerrymandering
Dividing electoral districts to limit the voting strength of a particular group is known as
literacy
a person's ability to read or write, is no longer used to qualify voters
franchise
the right to vote, suffrage
party identification
People who are strongly loyal to a given party have strong
transients
Persons living in a State for a short period of time are sometimes called ______
The 15th Amendment Ratified in 1870, did not secure the right of African Americans to vote primarily because
the federal government did not intervene to uphold the amendment
The provisions of the Voting Right Acts of 1965 and its amendments of 1970, 1975 and 1982 apply to
all national state and local elections
To prevent fraudulent voting most states require voters to
register
In the past, some states limited voting rights by
charging a poll tax
Which of the following statements about suffrage is true?
States require that any person wishing to vote must meet specific qualifications for citizenship, age, and residence
The expansion of Suffrage in the United States
has been moved forward by amendments and civil rights acts
Which act first established a federal commission to investigate claims of individual voter discrimination
Civil Rights Act of 1957
In general, more of the electorate votes
in general federal elections
The single most significant predictor of a person's partisan voting behavior is his or her
party identification
The term political socialization can be defined as the
process by which people formulate their political attitudes and opinions
Literacy tests worked to deny the right to vote to African Americans primarily because
African Americans were asked questions that were more difficult than those asked of prospective whites
Gerrymandering is unfair because
it sets district boundaries to decrease one group's voting strength
A person who votes in the presidential election but does not vote for a congressional candidate in the same election is known as
a "nonvoting voter"
Today many states require that all voters
be citizens of the United States and residents of the State
People with no sense of political efficacy
feel that any choice the make will have no effect
Which of these Stat suffrage laws would violate some provision in the federal constitution?
a law setting a maximum age for voting?
The phenomenon in which fewer votes are cast for offices farther down the ballot is called
ballot fatigue
Without asking for idividual party identification what three to five questions might you ask someone to determine his or her voting behavior?
income, education, gender, age, religion, ethnicity
The detailed provisions of federal election laws are important
to maintain honest and free elections at all levels
The constitution gives the power to set the date holding congressional elections to
congress
Which of the following is NOT legal under the current federal presidential campaign financing laws?
A person or group can contribute unlimited funds to a candidate's political campaign
The most costly items in a typical campaign budget today are
television advertisements
The biggest drawback of the need for large amounts of money to campaign is that
people who cannot raise the money are denied a chance to be elected
The purpose of poll watchers is to
make sure that only qualified people vote
Why are voting machines used?
to minimize vote-counting errors
Which of the following statements about PACs (political action comittees is FALSE?
The can raise funds only for presidentaial and congressional campaigns
Petitions to nominate candidates
are generally required by State law for nominating minor party candidates
The nominating stage is imprtant in the electoral process mostly because
nominations set real limits to the choices voters can make in general elections
Money is an indespensible campaign resource because
it allows candidates to make themselves known to the public
On which ballot are candidates listed together inder the ttle of the position they seek?
office-group ballots
which of the following ballots tends to encourage straight-ticket voting?
party-column voting
The smallest geographic unit for conducting an election is a
precinct
In a closed primary
only declared part members may vote
Campaign contributions to a presidential candidate can
be made by any American
A primary in which candidates are not labeled by party is known as a
nonpartisan primary
which of the following statements about the federal elections commission (fec) is False?
It regulates the use of money in state and local elections only
split ticket voting
casting ballots for candidates from different parties for different offices in the same election
pluralistic society
consisting of several distinct cultures and groups
electorate
the people eligible to vote in any given election
plurality
the greatest number of votes cast for a single office
ward
a unit into whch cities are divided for the election of city council members
Over time, the ideas first developed by minor parties are ofter _____ by major parties
borrowed
People belong to a particular political party
voluntarily, because they made a personal choice
Most single issue parties have been
short lived
Parties that hold a particular set of beliefs and often supported marxist thinking are known as
ideological parties
The national chairperson of a major political party
manages the party's headquarters
Which of the following groups has tended to support the Democratic party in recent decades?
union members
In the United States, a political party is made up of a group of people who
work to get candidates elected to political offices
Which of the following is a sign of weakened political parties?
split-ticket voting
An increasing number of Americans today
identify with neither political party
Which of the following statements about federalists is TRUE?
A strong national government was of great concern to them?
The two-party system developed in the United States mainly because
conflicts about the constitution created opposing viewpoints
Which statement does not describe one type of minor party?
The members of a minor party tend to support the platform of a major party
Which of the following is NOT a major function of either of the two major parties in the United States?
to unite people and concentrate solely on one public policy matter
All of the following organizations serve the interests of organived labor except the
National Grange
Interest Groups know that public opinion is important because
no policy will stay in place very long without public support
One way interest groups become involved in the election process is by
providing campaign funds
Public Affairs are those events and issues
that concern all or most people
Trade associations usually represent
the business community
Most interest groups are formed on the basis of
economic interests
An interest group tries to persuade people to
respond to its member's shared attitudes
Lobbying is the process by which group pressures are applied to
all aspects of the public policy-making process
A positive aspect of interest groups is that they
help stimulate interest in public affairs
Interest groups are also called pressure groups mainly because
they seek to put pressure on the government to affect policies
Single interest groups try to affect elections based on
each candidate's stand in regard to the group's interests
The term grass roots refers to
average voters
Lobbyists today are people who generally
work within the governmental process to affect policies
Propoganda is a technique
used to influence people to adopt a particular belief
Propoganda techniques aim to be
persuasive
A labor union is an organization of workers who
work in the same job or industry
Common Cause and the League of Women Voters are examples of
public interest groups
Interest groups are MOST interested in
influencing specific public policies
Organized interest groups apply to pressure to government through all of the following mean EXCEPT
forming minor plotical parties
Today lobbyists are people who
work within the governmental process to affect policies