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Politics study guide
Terms in this set (33)
1. Which of the following rights was not included in the original Constitution?
prohibition of warrantless search and seizure
When did civil rights first become part of the Constitution?
with the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868
The process by which some of the liberties in the Bill of Rights were applied to the states is known as
The judicial doctrine that places a heavy burden of proof on the government when it seeks to regulate or restrict speech is called
Which of the following describes a written statement made in "reckless disregard of the truth" that is considered damaging to a victim because it is "malicious, scandalous, and defamatory"?
In District of Columbia v. Heller, the Supreme Court ruled that
the Second Amendment applies to states as well as the federal government.
The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth amendments, taken together are the essence of
due process of law.
In Mapp v. Ohio, the Supreme Court ruled that
evidence obtained from an illegal search could not be introduced in a trial.
In which case did the Supreme Court rule that state governments no longer had the authority to make private sexual behavior a crime?
Lawrence v. Texas
Which of the following declared that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex"?
the Equal Rights Amendment
In Bakke v. Board of Regents, the Supreme Court ruled
achieving "a diverse student body" was a "compelling public purpose," but the method of a rigid quota of student slots assigned on the basis of race was incompatible with the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause.
Which of the following terms best describes the American posture toward the world prior to the twentieth century?
Which of the following terms describes an effort to forestall war by giving in to the demands of a hostile power?
The World Trade Organization is
an international organization composed of Western European countries that oppose free trade.
The Bush Doctrine refers to
the idea that the United States should take preemptive action against threats to its national security.
An agreement made between the president and another country that has the force of a treaty but does not require the Senate's "advice and consent" is called
an executive agreement.
The Constitution assigns the power to declare war to
Which of the following statements about the United Nations is not true?
It has a powerful army to implement its decisions.
Which of the following were founded during the 1940s in order to create a new international monetary structure for the postwar world?
the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank
Cultural programs that send American actors, athletes, and musicians around the world in order to promote a positive view of the United States are examples of the use of
In 2015 the United States entered into an international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions called the
Monetary policy seeks to influence the economy through
the availability of credit and money.
The most powerful institution in determining America's monetary policy
the Federal Reserve Board.
Government attempts to manipulate the economy by using its taxing and spending powers are called
A policy whose objective is to tax or spend in such a way as to reduce the disparities of wealth between the highest and lowest income brackets is called
The United States' welfare state was constructed initially in response
the Great Depression.
Which of the following is an example of a contributory program?
Means testing requires that applicants for welfare benefits show
a financial need for assistance.
Which of the following are examples of in-kind benefits?
Medicaid and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
What event prompted the federal government to enter the field of elementary education?
the Soviet Union's launching of Sputnik
Which of the following was not part of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001?
a requirement that a national test be used to evaluate every student around the country
Who are the chief beneficiaries of the "shadow welfare state
the middle class
Which three government programs provide assistance to the working poor
the Affordable Care Act, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
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