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WHAP Unit 4 (Chapter 14 Strayer Ways of the World)
Terms in this set (29)
What's an imperial system?
It's a gov ruled by an emperor which dominated other nations
What was the PURPOSE of an Imperial Emperor to dominate other nations?
To take away their wealth in forms of taxation and tribute
What is a Quinto? (2)
-It was one fifth of Mexican and Peruvian silver production
-Was a 20% tax LEVIED by Spain on Precious metals Mined in the New World's colony
Where were the Quinto metals mined?
New World Colonies
What were the Quinto silver production reserved for? And why was it important?
The Spanish Monarchy
Main source of money for(revenue) ^^
What was the role Manila?
And describe its importance (connected what with wat:0)
Who was at the end of the trade route?
Trading Outpost that became the the Spanish capital of the Philippines
Provided a direct link between the Americas and Asia (china)
-Asia was the end of the end of the trade route
When did the Philippines become American territory?
Spanish-American War (1898) ,the Spaniards originally ruled the land but soon became defeated
When did Manila become established?
What was Manila's only connection?
What large sums were being exported and imported?
In 1571, Spanish Port
SILVER... i prefer gold o-0
Why did Silver become an important commodity during the 1450- 1750's?
Demanded during the Ming Dynasty since everything would have to be paid thru silver
World ____ was founded on ___ which brought ___ and ___
trade , silver, wealth, power
Where was Silver used as currency?
Tokugawa Japan, Ming China, and Spain
belief and idea that a nation's wealth can be increased by the control of trade
Give an example of Mercantilism
Colonies existing for the benefit of other countries (Jamestown- England)
What was the point of the castas system in Colonial Spanish America?
Racial clarification system that dictated one's social status
What groups ruled and what groups obeyed (systems) (3)
Spanish born in Iberia ruled had political control
Creoles were Europeans born in the colonies who had no political rights but social CLOUT :)
All Mixed Races and Natives had to Obey
What gave Portugal exclusive trading rights in the Indian Ocean Basin?
Who legalized this trading post empire? and with what treaty?
-Seized many strategic points in the Ocean Basin (including the Red Sea and Straits of Hormuz and Malacca)
Pope- Treaty of Tordesillas
What were some negative effects of the Portuguese seizing control?
What group of trades did they displace?
Destroyed east African Swahili states and established bases there
Arabs and Italians
How was Portugal able to maintain dominance in the region? (3)
Advanced Tech, Military advantage, Naval Capabilities
Explain the role of epidemic disease among the natives?
How were their deaths a positive thing for the Europeans?
Smallpox. measles, typhus, cholera not immune
Huge numbers of deaths helped in the conquest (less to deal with)
Positive effects of Columbian Exchange- Negative?
Potatoes and Corn NW -spread of sickness, Africans to slaves
What was the plantation system? Encomienda System?
Production of export goods sugar, tobacco, cotton using slave labor
Used in Spanish Colonies, a legal system of enslavement for natives
Main crops in Latin America?
Sugarcane, coffee, cotton, tobacco and indigo
Where did most slaves end up? And what crop required the most work to maintain?
West Indies or Brazil (high amount of cash crops and sugar)
-Sugar (we tired)
What is religious Syncretism?
Cultural diffusion is blending of CULTURES
Diffusion (Mix)of diverse religious beliefs and practices (art)
Where was Syncretism accepted?
seen as a heresy (accepted)
Who funded the Dutch, English, and French Exploration voyages? How did this differ from Iberian colonial ventures?
Joint Stock companies
Funded soley by gov (Iberians)
List major problems faced by Russia in the 1700's? (3)
-Landlocked= couldn't use rivers for trade due to freezing weather
-Religious Differences= separation for Western Europeans
-Weren't westernized due to their mongol control
Accomplishments of Peter the Great? (7)
-Orthodox Church brought under state control
-modernized the army using officers from the West
-created navy -promoted education
-added much land to the Russian Empire
Role of Roman Catholic Church during the colonial period? more so in Latin America
Who were Jesuits ;) vicky remember :D
Who were the Franciscans?
-Acted to convert and save native souls for Christ
-male in religious order who wanted to prevent the spread of Protestantism
-missionaries who evangelized the native ppl thruout the New World
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