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Vocabulary Workshop Pre-Notes
Terms in this set (17)
the specific dictionary meaning of a word
a word's tone
the emotions or associations it normally arouses in people using, hearing, or reading it
a word being employed in its strict or primary dictionary meaning in a situation/context that "makes sense"
nonliteral application of a word
a word that means the opposite of or almost the opposite of another word
a word that has the same or almost the same meaning as another word
parts of the word
the words near to or that modify a word
hints to lead us to its meaning
information from the reading that hints at a word's meaning
a synonym for, or a definition of, the missing word
an antonym for, or a phrase that means the opposite of, the missing word
implies but does not directly state the meaning of the missing word or words
an affix placed before a word, base, or another prefix to modify a term's meaning
an affix that follows the element to which it is added
the main part of a word to which prefixes and suffixes may be added
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MSK case studies
From the list below, supply the words needed to complete the paragraph. Some words will not be used. glutinous, quaff, declaim, gaff. When the whaling ship encountered a tiny skiff bobbing on the high seas, the captain ordered a sailor to snag it with a[n] _____. To the sailor's surprise, a sun-beaten man lay on the bottom of the boat. He awoke to the voices of his rescuers, and he immediately _____ the water they offered him. Apparently, the man had kept himself alive by eating the _____ remnants of wet rations that he salvaged before a violent storm sunk his ship.
From the list below, supply the words needed to complete the paragraph. Some words will not be used. fixed, invidious, accolade, derivative, vigilant, stipulate, belligerent. "Keep your _____ comments to yourself," said Kyle. "We have enough to worry about without fighting among ourselves. We needed a pilot, and Brad was the only team member who even came close." Lee Ann stopped complaining, but she thought again of how she foolishly _____ to Logan's half-witted escape plan, which she felt could cause _____ harm or even death. They were to grab the canisters, sneak out of the compound, run through the jungle, and steal one of the two old cargo planes on the dirt runway. Two team members had already been wounded, and Brad wasn't about to win any _____ for his abilities to get the dilapidated machine off the ground. "This plane's no good!" screamed Brad. "The left engine must need maintenance!" "Let's try the other plane before the alarm sounds!" yelled Lee Ann. The team grabbed what little gear they had left, exited the plane, and hurried across the tarmac. Knowing that Benedito's security force would soon descend on them, the Americans remained _____ even as they scrambled to the other plane with their gear. While boarding, Kyle flinched when he looked beyond the flaps and caught sight of motorcycles entering the runway from the access road to the compound. "Fire it up! Now!" yelled Kyle as he crawled over the team and landed with a thud in the primitive cockpit. "And check the canisters!" Lee Ann checked. Luckily, the two quart-sized stainless steel canisters were intact and sealed; after all, one milligram of Prenitite would be more than enough to stop the hearts of everyone on the plane. A[n] _____ of the Prentonica seed, Prenitite was the number one item on every terrorist's wishlist.
From the list below, supply the words needed to complete the paragraph. Some words will not be used. genial, novice, enraptured, juggernaut, nocturnal, marital, obstreperous, levity. Despite her position as regional manager for Tyndall Systems, Shawna felt like a[n] _____ every time she attended the monthly sales meeting at Tyndall corporate headquarters. Perhaps she was just getting old, she reasoned, but she knew that few could endure her ____ schedule six days out of the week. Tyndall was a[n] _____ in the information technology arena, buying and consolidating other corporations and firing dissenters with impunity. Shawna told her husband that she would retire in two years; she hoped in time to mitigate their rapidly multiplying _____ problems. She was no longer the hard worker that Tyndall wanted for managing a regional hub, and the stress from trying to meet the demand had caused her once _____ manner to reverse-not that she needed it any more at the office. District sales meetings were not a place for _____; the twelve other managers spoke and carried themselves like assertive robots, rarely allowing jokes or laughter to interrupt their lengthy meetings. The single and most recent show of emotion at the meeting occurred when the vice president fired one of the managers on the spot, and the security guards had to drag him, _____ and screaming, out of the conference room.
From the list below, supply the words needed to complete the paragraph. Some words will not be used. dastardly, gist, entity, jaded, ogre, bandy, charisma. The _____ athlete, accustomed to winning first place, wanted to be happy with her third-place trophy, but deep down, she felt that months of intensive training had gone to waste. On the bus ride home, she refused to _____ compliments or even joke about the race with her teammates. She could think only about the _____ runner who intentionally tripped her early in the race and likely cost her the win. Myra could not believe that such an unsportsmanlike _____ was allowed to compete in track meets. Myra didn't see the other girl after the race, but merely thinking of that horrid _____ would haunt Myra for weeks to come.