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Humanities and Science Final
Terms in this set (50)
In what century did the era of refrigeration begin?
True or False: The old fashioned icebox, where ice had to be added continually, was technically a refrigerator.
In the realm of refrigeration, for what does C.F.C. stand?
What was the first chemical used as refrigerant?
Why was the production of CFCs banned?
CFCs breakdown in the stratosphere producing chlorine, which in turn breaks down ozone into oxygen molecules, thus depleting the ozone layer, which is vital for the existence of life on earth
What is the acronym used for Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane
What is considered to be the most lethal man-made compound?
True or False: A female mosquito needs a meal of blood before laying her eggs
One of the earliest chemical used to treat malaria is _____________, which is commonly found in the bark of plants of the cinchona genus.
What genetic disorder is the natural defense to malaria if you are a "carrier" but don't actually have the disorder?
What is science? Write two of several steps taken in scientific method.
The systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.
What is a paradigm? Give one example of paradigm shift
A dominant view. Earth was previously believed to be flat
True or False? Extant species are the species living today
Heavy rains and mudslides cause a river to change course, isolating two groups of lizards of the same species from one another. Over a long period of time, ________.
the groups will probably diverge genetically, and speciation may occur
Phylogenetic trees ______
depict the flow of evolutionary change and diversification for a particular group of organisms
A large flock of endemic birds is discovered on a remote island. There appears to be two similar but different kinds of birds within the flock. Which of the following information is most important in deciding whether the two kinds of birds belong to a single species?
whether the matings between kinds produce viable offspring
Which of the following statements is correct?
Populations, not individuals, change when natural selection occurs.
The title of scientific work by Charles Darwin on evolution of natural selection is
On the Origin of Species.
True or False? Human embryos have a tail similar to embryos of some other animals with tails.
Give one example of 'artificial selection' and 'natural selection'
Artificial - Different dog breeds - from ancestral wolf. Natural - Evolution of drug resistant bacteria.
Which of the following statements is NOT true about Sir Isaac Newton?
He accepted to be ordained in the Church of England, which mean affirming the 39 Articles of Religion, including the doctrine of the Trinity to get his Master's degree.
Define "inertia" OR state Newton's third law of motion.
Inertia: A tendency to do nothing or to remain unchanged. Newton's third law of motion: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
The equation for Newton's second law of motion is F = ma. What are F, m, and a in this equation?
Force, mass, acceleration
Newton once saw an apple falling from an apple tree in his garden, which led to the discovery of
True or False? - It is against the law to use genome editing in human embryos that will not be allowed to develop more than 14 days old
The name of the Chinese scientist who announced the birth of twin girls with edited genome is
__________ is a family of DNA sequences found within the genomes of prokaryotic organisms such as bacteria and archaea, and is used in gene editing technology.
Name Einstein's two theories of Relativity.
Special and general
True or False: The laws of physics are the same in any reference frame moving at constant linear velocity
Which of the following is NOT true about Albert Einstein?
Never won a Nobel Prize
Who coined the term "atom"?
According to Rutherford's alpha scattering experiment, ________
much of the space in atoms is empty
Which of the following is the most recent model of atomic structure?
The type of nuclear reactions in sun is nuclear ___________, and in nuclear reactor is nuclear __________
True or False: In a nuclear power reactor, 238U isotope is used as nuclear fuel.
_____________ nuclear power plant accident is the most severe nuclear power plant accident ever occurred.
All of the following are fossil fuels EXCEPT
The world's most abundant fossil fuel is
Rank the following sources of energy based on total primary energy consumed in the United States from the greatest to least used.
fossil fuels, nuclear, hydropower, solar
Most U.S. ethanol is made from _______, and is used to _____
corn; drive cars
Current world population is about ______, and the U.S. population is about ________
7.6 billion; 330 million
Zero population growth occurs in a population when ________
birth rate equals death rate and there is no migration
Replacement fertility rate is equal to approximately _______
Which of the following best describes the human population from early times to the present?
slow, uneven growth until the 1800s, then increasingly rapid growth
True or False: the natural ratio between males and females at birth is slightly biased towards the female sex, being estimated to be about 1.05 or 1.06 females/per male born.
________ is the first true antibiotic discovered
Name four greenhouse gases
Carbon dioxide, Methane, Water vapor, Nitrous oxide
How is weather different from climate?
Weather is a short-term atmospheric condition for a smaller geographic area. Climate is a long term atmospheric condition for a larger geographic area.
All of the following are anthropogenic factors contributing to climate change EXCEPT
Small island nations such as the Maldives are in the international spotlight because they _______
may be among the first nations to be completely flooded by rising sea levels
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