A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, that has a crystal system and a definite chemical composition
The absorption or lack of absorption of light
A mineral's resistance to scratch
The tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces
The tendency of a mineral to break along uneven and irregular surfaces
The color of a mineral in powdered form
The way a surface reflects light
The amount of matter in a given space
Mohs Hardness Scale
Geologists determine a mineral's hardness by comparing it to the minerals on this scale
The mineral cannot form from materials that were once part of a living thing
A solid mixture of crystals of 1 or more minerals
The process by which 1 rock type changes into another
The minerals a rock is made of determine this
The rock is determined by the size, shapes, and positions of the grains of which it is made
Rock formed from the cooling of magma
Igneous rock formed from the cooling of magma inside the earth
Igneous rock formed from the cooling of lava on the earth's surface
The layering of rocks
Rock formed from weathering and erosion of sediments
Rocks that are made of fragments from other rocks and minerals
Rocks that form from solutions of minerals and water
Rock that froms from the dead remains of plants and animals
Rock formed due to extreme heat and pressure
Grains are not aligned
Grains are aligned the the pages of a book
Molten rock inside the earth
Molten rock outside the earth
The rough texture of a rock
The smooth texture of a rock
the process whereby heat changes something from a solid to a liquid
the process when magma , lava , hot rock, or etc, somehow cool down or in the process of becoming cool.
Water or wind loosen and carry away fragments of rock
Sediments settle out of wind and water
Sediments are pressed together in layers
Dissolved minerals glue sediments together
the transfer of thermal energy
the force pushing on an area or surface
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