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Industrial Revolution Terms
Key Terms and people
Terms in this set (27)
Gives someone sole rights to make and sell an invention.
Set up a research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. Best known for inventing the light bulb. He also opened the first power plant which was much safer than the steam engines.
He perfected the system to mass produce cars and make them available at a lower a price.
Alexander Graham Bell
Invented the telephone and organized over 100 local companies into the giant American Telephone and Telegraph company.
In a factory, an arrangement where a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in the making of the product as it moves along a belt.
Wilbur and Orville Wright
Tested a gas powered airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
A person who starts up and takes on the risk of a business. Set up a new business to make a profit.
Owned by many investors, they raise large amounts of capitol by selling stocks , or shares. Stockholders receive a share of profits and pick directors to run the company.
Is a company that controls most or all business in a particular industry.
A business man that increased his power through by gaining control of the many different businesses that make up all phases of steel production development. He started the Carnegie Steel Company and believed in giving back to the community and he called it the Gospel of Wealth.
John D. Rockefeller
At the age of 23 he started investing in oil companies and used the profits to buy other companies. He was a brilliant entrepreneur but did not hesitate in crushing competitors.
A group of companies run by a single board of directors.
The system in which privately owned businesses compete freely.
He formed a Union called, the American Federation of Labor. Only skilled workers were allowed to join because he believed their skills made it costly and difficult to train replacements.
When the unions negotiate with management for workers as a group.
The rapid growth of city populations.
When building are subdivided into many tiny apartments.
She worked to help poor city dwellers even though she came from a rich family and always felt for the poor. She opened Hull House in Chicago. She also pressured state legislature to outlaw child labor.
Settlement House/Hull House
A center offering help to the urban poor. Everything from English lessons to child care.
Large compartments that usually hold cattle but was used to bring immigrants to America.
The process of becoming part of another culture.
Opposes all forms of government.
Children must attend school up till a certain age.
Writers who try to show life as it is.
Created the first modern, mass circulated newspaper.
Known for sensational headlines that screamed of crime and scandal. Readership skyrocketed because a color comic about a slum boy called The Yellow Kid. This term became used to describe the sensational reporting style.
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