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background knowledge

Your personal experiences, what you already know.


dark letters indicating it is important information


text describing the contents of a picture, graph or chart


a story that is not true or is made up


a list of definitions for terms or important words used in a certain text


announces the topics that will be covered, a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about


an alphabetical listing of topics and the page numbers where they can be found in a text. It is usually found in the back of the book.


text that is slanted to the right


writing that tells about real people, places, and events


a printed note placed below the text on a printed page

side bar

information that is printed in the side margins of pages


a heading given to a smaller subsection within a larger piece of writing

table of contents

a list of divisions (chapters or articles) and the pages on which they start. It is usually found in the front of the book.

main idea

the most important idea, what a piece of writing is mostly about

supporting detail

a piece of information that helps to support or explain the main idea

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