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Terms in this set (26)
Otto von Bismarck
German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)
Camillo di Cavour
The political mastermind behind all of Sardinia's unification plans, he succeeded in creating a Northern Italian nation state.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
a sovereign state whose citizens or subjects are relatively homogeneous in factors such as language or common descent.
Israeli statesman (born in Poland) and active Zionist who organized resistance against the British after World War II
A policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine.
West Bank and Gaza Strip
Disputed regions of Israel, commonly referred to as Palestine
A territory in the Middle East on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Disputed with Israel.
The time period between 1933-1945, during which the Nazis tried to kill all the Jews of Europe
First leader of PLO- Palestinian liberation organization. Used aggressive terrorism to try to destroy Israel. Very actice throughout the 1970's and 1980's. To try to make peace with Israel, was put incharge of Palestinean Authority (PA).
Palestinian Arab uprising against the Israeli occupation
Austrian journalist and Zionist; formed World Zionist Organization in 1897; promoted Jewish migration to Palestine and formation of a Jewish state
Balfour Declaration (1917)
British promise of support for the establishment of Jewish settlement in Palestine.
An agreement between the british and the french. France gets Syria and Lebanon, and Britain gets Iraq, Palestine, and Transjordan.
UN Resolution 242
called for Israeli withdrawal from conquered territories gained after the Six Day War, and the recognition and security of all states in the Middle East; countries failed to apply this resolution
Palestine Liberation Organization
a group formed in the 1960s to regain the Arab land in Israel for Palestinian Arabs
Zionist military force engaged in violent resistance to British presence in Palestine in the 1940s.
a militant Islamic fundamentalist political movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Six Day War (1967)
Military conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbors, including Syria, Egypt, and Jordan. The war ended with an Israeli victory and territorial expansion into the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, and the West Bank. The 1967 war was a humiliation for several Arab states, and the territorial disputes it created formed the basis for continued conflict in the region.
A dispersion of people from their homeland
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
King Wilhelm I
King of Prussia who appointed Otto von Bismarck as his prime minister; led to the unification of Germany. First Kaiser of a unified Germany.
King Victor Emmanuel I
First King of the United Italian Nation
Abdul Gamal Nasser
President of Egypt, 1952-1971. Believed in a "Pan Arabic" state
a territory temporarily governed by another country on behalf of the League of Nations
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