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Terms in this set (50)
Sets of dyads held together by ties between the individuals are known as
An example of nonmaterial culture is
Which group believed that humans were one species, united under God?
Anthropologist Michelle Rosaldo believed women were usually lower in the stratification system because of their identification with
Which term refers to the belief that members of separate races possess different & unequal traits?
Ruth Benedict, in her Patterns of Culture (1934), coined the term cultural relativism, which means
taking into account the differences across cultures without passing judgement or assigning value.
Emilia is studying global development, & in investigating underdevelopment in Africa, she turns to economist Jeffrey Sachs. She agrees with Sachs's point of view, that
Africa's challenges include its geography & colonial legacies.
According to Charles Cooley's looking glass theory, which of the following statements is true?
Our interpretations of how others see us are more important than the reality of how others see us.
Selena wants to study the bond between pets & their owners. She chooses between the 2 major methodological approaches to research & decides to view and collect data in a numerical form. Which of the 2 major methodological approaches did she choose?
Studies have shown that people interact with babies differently based on whether the babies are boys or girls. Using role theory, we could argue that
sex is a master status in our society.
According to dramaturgical theory, the primary goal of every social interaction is to
make a good impression.
According to Erving Goffman, when there is a breach (mistake) in an established script, people generally do which of the following?
Work hard to repair the mistake so everyone can move forward.
You see an advertisement on television for a new burger at McDonald's. The next day, you are riding by McDonald's and decide to drive in & give it a try. This would be called a
short-term deliberate media effect.
Who wrote The Protestant Ethic & the Spirit of Capitalism?
Which of the following is one main reason why a Navajo person would identify as nadle? The person
was born with ambiguous genitalia.
When Peter Bearman & his colleagues analyzed the sexual habits of teenagers, they found that a person does not date the ex of the person's ex's boyfriend or girlfriend. This "no cycles of four" rule seems to operate
without anyone being consciously aware of it.
When Malcolm gets upset, he shops. Though it never delivers on the promise fully, he can't stop believing that new possessions will give him a new outlook on the upsetting situation. Malcolm's belief that happiness & fulfillment can be achieved through the acquisition of material possessions is known as
Which group believed that different races were distinct species?
Weak ties are valuable parts of a social network because
they are more likely to introduce us to new information and ideas.
During the 1960s & 1970s, academic studies of media shifted from focusing on ________ to also include ________.
When compared to low-income students with similar test scores & academic records, high-income students
make up an increasing share of the enrollment at selective colleges.
Pierre, Micaela, & Jon are friends, but Pierre & Micaela are much closer to each other than either of them is to Jon. Why do they stay friends with Jon at all? The concept of triadic closure suggests that
the weaker ties to Jon are reinforced by the stronger ties between Pierre and Micaela.
The O. J. Simpson murder case & Hurricane Katrina are examples of which of the following?
How the media reflects racist ideology.
Native Americans may see the history of the U.S. differently from white Americans. Which theory would argue that there is not a unifying "grand narrative" of history because history itself is not objective, but rather socially constructed?
A classroom would not typically fall under Georg Simmel's classification of a small group because, unlike a typical classroom, a small group
lacks formal arrangements or roles.
You may do a study of college wrestling & use your experience as a student-athlete to access wrestling spaces, athletes, & coaches. Considering how your past opportunities & privileges influence your study & its findings is
Most broadcasting companies are privately owned in the U.S. & are supported financially by advertising. This means they are likely to reflect the biases of their owners & backers. Knowing that the press is not free suggests that there is a
political economy of the media.
The experience of internalizing a culture's norms, values, & the like is known as
Hegel felt that the relationship between slave & master was dialectic. This meant that
each is dependent on the other.
Which of the following is the best example of an achieved status?
A newly ordained minister in a Pentecostal church
Sociologists view socialization as a lifelong process that begins when a child
is first born.
Prejudice is to discrimination as thinking is to
The more consistent the results given by repeated measurements, the higher the ________ of the measurement procedure.
A hypothetical group of immigrants come to the U.S., settle in, learn English, send their children to public schools, & become economically self-sufficient. Robert Park's model explained this journey as
Harold Garfinkel developed an approach to studying human interaction that focused on how people produce & maintain a mutually shared social order. This method was called
When one factor is said to influence another factor, it is called
Which of the following is the study of social meanings, emphasizing subjectivity in understanding human behavior?
Tracy rejects the goals of owning a big house & earning lots of money, which she feels are defined by society. However, she still works hard & follows the rules. Robert Merton would classify Tracy as a(n)
Mobility that is inevitable from changes in the economy is called
Which of the following focuses its analyses on face-to-face encounters & interactions?
According to Auguste Comte, what were the 3 epistemological stages of human society?
The theological stage, metaphysical stage, & the scientific stage.
A qualitative researcher who assumes everything he observes would have happened exactly the same way if he wasn't there observing lacks
Stanley Lieberson & Kelly Mikelson gave subjects a list of unique names they found in the Illinois database to see if the subjects could correctly identify the gender of the actual child. What were their findings?
The vast majority could correctly identify the gender of the actual child.
Jennifer goes out at night with a spray can and writes on a stop sign. She successfully vandalizes for the first time. Labeling theorists would call this ________ deviance.
Which of the following is an example of a quantitative research project?
What do symbolic interactionists study?
How people interpret symbols, how people interact one on one, how people behave according to how they define themselves & others.
Which of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance?
Ethnographer Mitchell Duneier spent 5 years hanging out with booksellers on the streets of Manhattan. His role as both researcher & participant provides a great example of the importance of
Critically assessing how our role as researchers may affect the people we study.
Most sociologists (and biologists) argue that race is a human invention, or is socially constructed. Which of the following statements highlights how race is socially constructed?
Racial categories on census forms have continued to change over time.
The modern capitalist society is an example of which type of society?
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Unit 3 Review