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DSST-Lifespan Developmental Psychology Vocaulary
Terms in this set (39)
Italian physician who gained international fame for her philosophy of teaching, which allowed students to learn in a noncompetitive and relaxed atmosphere. that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy
behaviorism; emphasis on external behaviors of people and their reactions on a given situation; famous for Little Albert study in which baby was taught to fear a white rat. John Broadus Watson was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism
theorist who believed that humans have an inborn or "native" propensity to develop language.
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Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist
Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior. a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
Learning is the act of acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences and may involve synthesizing different types of information
behaviorism; Law of Effect-relationship between behavior and consequence. Edward Lee \"Ted\" Thorndike was an American psychologist who spent nearly his entire career at Teachers College, Columbia University
In the context of human society, a family is a group of people affiliated either by consanguinity , affinity , or co-residence or some combination of these. Group of genera that share many characteristics
Discovery learning and constructivism. He wrote that the aim of education should be to create autonomous learners. He proposed three modes of representation: Enactive representation (action-based); Iconic representation (image-based); and Symbolic representation (language-based). psychologist who made significant contributions to human cognitive psychology and cognitive learning theory in educational psychology
researcher famous for work in observational or social learning including the famous Bobo doll experiment. Albert Bandura OC is a psychologist who is the David Starr Jordan Professor Emeritus of Social Science in Psychology at Stanford University
The scientific study of heredity. is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms
a statistical measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other. A correlation coefficient is a number that quantifies some type of correlation and dependence, meaning statistical relationships between two or more random variables or observed data values
A face-to-face or telephone questioning of a respondent to obtain desired information.
A number is a mathematical object used to count, measure, and label
In statistics, a sampling frame is the source material or device from which a sample is drawn
studied obedience using a teacher and learner as well as an electric shock machine; found that situation triggered obedience more than personality. Stanley Milgram was an American social psychologist, best known for his controversial experiment on obedience conducted in the 1960s during his professorship at Yale
an extension of symbolic interaction theory which proposes that reality is what humans cognitively construct it to be. is a philosophical viewpoint about the nature of knowledge
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system. Produces eggs.
Obstructed labour, also known as labour dystocia, is when, even though the uterus is contracting normally, the baby does not exit the pelvis during childbirth due to being physically blocked. Difficult labor
a pattern of sleep that includes more than one period of sleep during 24 hours
Early Childhood Education
The growth, development, and education of children birth through age eight.
the fact that children can map a word onto an underlying concept after only a single exposure. In cognitive psychology, fast mapping is the term used for the hypothesized mental process whereby a new concept is learned based only on a single exposure to a given unit of information
In the field of psychology, nativism is the view that certain skills or abilities are "native" or hard-wired into the brain at birth. the view that language development is best explained as an innate, biological capacity
in Piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking another's point of view. is the inability to differentiate between self and other
the ability within the brain to constantly change both the structure and function of many cells in response to experience or trauma. is an umbrella term that describes lasting change to the brain throughout an individual's life course
concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong. Morality is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper
having more than one spouse at a time
the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing. Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction
a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy. Ideology is a collection of beliefs held by an individual, group or society
motionlessness; inactivity. Economic stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth , usually accompanied by high unemployment
Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy
Eighteenth-century English intellectual who warned that population growth threatened future generations because, in his view, population growth would always outstrip increases in agricultural production. Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus FRS was an English cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography
midlife transition in which fertility declines. Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body
long-term memory (LTM)
the system of memory into which all the information is placed to be kept more or less permanently. Long-term memory is the final stage of the dual memory model proposed in the Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model, in which information can be stored for long periods of time
Group of people who are caring for both their parents and their children.
a type of implicit memory that involves motor skills and behavioral habits. Procedural memory is a type of implicit memory and long-term memory which aids the performance of particular types of tasks without conscious awareness of these previous experiences
the action or fact of leaving one's job and ceasing to work.
Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty
Implying or attempting to establish a norm; expressing value judgments or telling people what to do (rather than merely describing that which is happening). Normative means relating to an ideal standard or model, or being based on what is considered to be the normal or correct way of doing something
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