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human geo ch 7
Terms in this set (33)
A way a language sounds or is pronounced in a particular location.
A large language family found primarily in North Africa and Southwest Asia.
American Sign Language
A language using hand gestures, primarily used by the deaf in the United States and Canada.
a pidgin language that has been adopted by a group of speakers as its primary tongue
An ancient Mesopotamian form of writing made by pressing a reed into a tablet of wet clay.
Variations of sounds and vocabulary in a language among different places.
A theory attributed to Jakob Grimm that modern German and English experienced consonant shifts since ancient times.
A creole language spoken on islands off the coast of South Carolina and Georgia.
Language that is peculiar to a certain group of people or a region; often used synonymously with dialect.
A large language family of hundreds of languages, including English.
a system of communication using sounds, gestures, marks, and signs
the process of two languages merging together
the process of a language splitting into two or more distinct languages
the point at which a language no longer has any active speakers
a collection of languages that have a common ancestor and is subdivided into smaller branches of related languages
A language that belongs to no known language family.
A language used in cross-cultural communication or trade.
terms used in one language that have an origin in another language
A large language family of over 1,200 tongues spoken primarily in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific.
A large language family of 1,400 languages spoken primarily in Africa.
rural or provincial speech or a nonstandard form of a language
The sounds used in a spoken language.
a type of written speech in which small pictures are used for words
A simplified language that is used by people who speak different languages for common communication; usually not the primary language of anyone using it.
the common ancestor of a family of modern languages
Considered to be the standard form of English, spoken in and around London and often used on British radio and television.
A large stone discovered in 1799 with three languages inscribed on it. It eventually led to the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics.
an early alphabet used by Germanic speakers before the adoption of the Latin alphabet
The branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family that includes Arabic.
A large language family that includes various dialects of Chinese, including Mandarin.
A group of languages from different families or branches of a family that share grammatical or lexical similarities because of proximity.
the study of place names
Local or isolated to a particular area. In the study of languages, words and phrases unique to a particular region.
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