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PATHO II Quiz 10
Terms in this set (20)
Which drug class is indicated for treatment of gout?
Drug Class Uricosurics, Drug Name Allopruinol (Zyloprim)
What are the mechanisms of action for drug class Uricosurics? (Select all that apply.)
Inhibit Xanthin Oxidase (XO), conversion of Hypoxanthine and Xanthine to Uric Acid
Drug inhibits tubular reabsorption of uric acid within kidneys
Your patient exhibits the following symptoms after taking medication for treatment of gout: Temperature 39.5 degrees Celsius, Eosinophilia, Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) change from 60 to 100, Creatinine change from 2.5 to 4.0, and impressive skin rash. You recognize this is associated with what known adverse effect?
When administering Drug Class Uricosurics, Drug Name Allopurinol (Zyloprim) via the intravenous route, the nurse should dilute the medication and administer it over 30-60 minutes.
Which priority patient education would you provide to a patient taking drug class Uricosurics, drug name Allopurinol (Zyloprim)?
Advise 3 liters of fluid intake daily - prevention of kidney damage
Which drug class suppresses the immune and inflammatory responses via the mechanism of inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis?
Drug Class Glucocorticoids, Drug Name Prednisone (Deltasone)
A patient presents with hyperglycemia, abdominal discomfort and so-called Moon Face and Buffalo Hump. The nurse associates these symptoms with which drug class?
Drug class - Glucocorticoids - Drug Name Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol)
Your patient is taking drug class Glucocorticoids - drug name Prednisone (Deltasone) in addition to drug class Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID). Which adverse effect are you most concerned about?
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleed with black tarry stool
What is the mechanism of action of Drug Class Central Acting Muscle Relaxant - Drug Name Baclofen (Lioresal)?
Enhance the inhibition of GABA receptors
The Nurse knows it is acceptable for a patient to take a drug class Central Acting Muscle Relaxant - drug name Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) and operate heavy machinery or drive an automobile.
What is the mechanism of action of drug class Peripheral Acting Muscle Relaxant - drug name Dantrium (Dantrolene)?
Inhibition of calcium release resulting in muscle contraction blockade
Which of the following are priority patient instructions while taking drug class Peripheral Acting Muscle Relaxant - drug name Dantrium (Dantrolene)?
Report to provider any muscle weakness or persistent diarrhea; jaundice, abdominal pain
What is the mechanism of action of drug class Local Anesthetic - drug name Lidocaine Patch (Lidoderm)?
Neuron membrane stabilization by inhibiting ion flux needed for initiation and conduction of impulses
Which drug class administered for pain management has adverse/side effects characterized by symptoms of blisters, bruising, dermatitis, erythema and petechia?
Drug class - Local Anesthetic - drug name Lidocaine patch
Which drug class administered for pain management is associated with an unknown exact mechanism of action and symptoms of diplopia, nystagmus, tremor?
Drug class - Adjunct Pain Therapy - drug name Gabapentin (Neurontin)
Which pain syndrome is characterized by sudden onset, sharp quality and duration of less than 6 months with resolution?
Chronic pain effects may cause muscle tension, limited activity of daily living (ADL), energy and appetite changes as well as anger, anxiety, depression, reinjury fears.
Which pain syndrome is characterized by exacerbations and duration of more than 6 months without resolution?
What type of pain is characterized as electric, sharp and shooting sensation that occurs in setting of no pain stimulus as well as abnormal pain impulse signaling?
The nurse anticipates which of the following approaches to pain management in the tertiary care setting (in the hospital)?
Multi-modal approach to pain management characterized by a variety of potential drug classes acting upon various pain receptors
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
PATHO II QUIZ 6
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