Biology Vocab List Module A
Terms in this set (26)
A single celled organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
The genetic material of a cell that contains the instructions for making protein.
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
A semi-permeable membrane that surrounds all cells and controls what enters and exits a cell.
Organelle that is the site of protein synthesis.
An organic compound such as sugar or starch that contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a ratio of 1:2:1.
An organic compound made up of long chains of amino acids.
An organic compound that consists of repeating units called fatty acids.
An organic compound such as DNA or RNA that are made up of subunits called nucleotides.
The building block of protein.
A molecule that increases the speed of biochemical reactions.
Process that converts light energy into chemical energy.
An organelle in plants and algae that is the site of photosynthesis.
Process the converts the chemical energy stored in glucose into chemical energy stored in ATP.
An organelle that uses energy from organic compounds (glucose) to make ATP.
The main energy source for cells.
Movement of substances across the cell membrane without using energy.
Movement of substances across the cell membrane, up the concentration gradient and requires energy.
Maintaining a stable internal environment.
Main building block of the cell membrane
Double layer of phospholipids that is the main component of the cell membrane.
Movement of a substance from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
Movement of a substance from high to low concentration with the help of a transport protein.
Movement of water from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. Diffusion of water.
Movement of large materials into the cell.
Movement of large materials out of the cell.