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Consumer Unit 1
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Terms in this set (49)
aboslute value
a number's distance from 0 on a number line without regard to direction
addend
number to be added to another number
amount tethered
money given in payment for a charge
base
in base, rate, percent problems the word "of" points to the base
cardinal numbers
counting numbers
composite number
any number that is not a prime number
decimal
based on ten, as our number system
decimal fraction
a number less than 1, represented in place value notation using a decimal point
denominator
number in fraction below the bar
difference
answer to a subtraction problem
divisor
the number divided by
equivalent factions
fractions representing the same value
even number
number divisible by 2
factor
number that divides evenly into another number
factoring
finding the factors of a number
fraction
a symbol consisting of three parts: a horizontal bar, a whole number above the bar, and a whole number other than zero below the bar
greatest common factor
largest number that divides evenly into both the numerator and the denominator of a fraction
improper fraction
the numerator is equal to or greater than the denominator
integers
{...-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, ...}
interval scale
a scale that uses addition and subtraction, but does not use division
invert
interchange the numerator and denominator
least common denominator
lowest number that both denominators will divide into evenly, with no remainder
least common multiple
smallest number into which two numbers can be divided evenly
minuend
number that the subtrahend is subtracted from
mixed number
a number with a whole number part and a fraction part
natural number
{1, 2, 3, 4, ...}
numerator
number in fraction above the bar
odd number
number not divisible by 2
ordinal numbers
first, second, third, ...
percent
per hundred, out of every hundred, or hundredths; in base, rate, percent problems without the "%" or the "of"
place value
the digits in a numeral have certain values depending upon their place in the numeral
prime factor
factor that is also a prime number
prime number
number that has only itself and one as factors; one (1) is not considered a prime number
product
answer to a multiplication problem
proper fraction
the numerator is less than the denominator
quotient
the result or answer of division
rate
in base, rate, percent problems always has the % sign
ratio
a comparison of two numbers using division
reciprocal
a fraction whose numerator is the denominator of another fraction and whose denominator is the numerator
lowest terms
the only common factor of the numerator and the denominator of the fraction is 1
remainder
the number left after the subtraction when a division is complete
repeating decimal
has a pattern of numbers that repeat
rule
standard
standard
rule
subtrahend
number that is to be subtracted from a minuend
sum
answer to an addition problem of addends
terminating decimal
has no remainder, or has zero as the last place order
whole numbers
{0, 1, 2, 3, 4, ...}
dividend
the number being divided
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