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Sports Med Exam Review -- ET
Terms in this set (44)
t or f -- a subdural hematoma causes quick blood loss in the brain and the victims will go unconscious quickly
t or f -- a condition that is the result of long term effects from multiple concussions is Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
t or f -- adults are most susceptible to Second Impact Syndrome
t or f -- the term quadriplegic means a person is completely paralyzed in all four limbs.
t or f -- ottorrhea is defined as discharge from the nose.
t or f -- 92% of those that sustain a concussion see drastic improvement in 2-3 days.
t or f -- a concussion is a form of a mild traumatic brain injury.
t or f -- rhinorrhea is discharge from the ear.
t or f -- if you lose consciousness from a head injury you should be reffered to a physician the next day.
t or f -- a concussion can get worse over a 24-hour period.
What do you check first when a football player is injured and lying face down?
C. blood pressure
What is NOT a symptom of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy?
A. depression/suicdal thoughts
B. Inability to return to play for months
D. loss of memory
inability to return to play for months
A slow bleeding in the space between the brain and skull is called:
A. contrecoup injury
B. subdural hematoma
C. epidural hematoma
All of the following are the categories for concussion symptoms except:
The babinski's test reflex test is used to detect:
The kisser test examines which nerve?
All of the following are movement tests for cervical nerve injuries except:
The Gripper test examines which nerve?
A bruise behind the ear may indicate a skull fracture and is called a:
B. second impact syndrome
C. battle sign
D. contrecoup injury
The blocker test examines which nerve?
Which is the most common way for football players to receive a head or neck injury?
A. neck lateral flexion/ear to shoulder
B. head down/axial loading
C. head bent backwards
D. getting stuck on the bottom of a pile up
head down/axial loading
The medical term for your tailbone is:
A. the sacrum
B. the atlas
C. the axis
D. the coccyx
Which injury causes the entire arm to go numb and feel heavy?
A. cervical strain
B. cervical sprain
An athlete gets hit in the head in soccer and sustains a concussion, (her first one). When can he return to practice/games?
A. 1 week after the injury happened
B. 1 week after all symptoms of the concussion disappear
C. 2 week after all symptoms of the concussion disappear
D. 3 days after the symptoms of the concussion disappear
1 week after all symptoms of the concussion disappear
If a concussion victim stays in a games and gets hit again, the brain can swell and cause death. This is called:
A. second impact syndrome
B. post concussion syndrome
C. second concussion syndrome
D. stay in the game syndrome
second impact syndrome
What bone sits at the top of the spine?
How many vertebrae make up the cervical spine?
What is the "executive functions" in charge of in the brain?
A. decision making
B. attention span
C. reaction time
A contrecoup injury is defined as:
A. any injury that causes the eyes to move involuntarily or jitter
B. a skull fracture that produces a bruise behind the ear
C. any injury that causes ringing in the ears.
D. when the head is hit on one side but the brain is damaged on the opposite side
when the head is hit on one side but the brain is damaged on the opposite side
The medical term for when a person has difficulty remembering thing:
bringing the chin to the chest
touching the ear to the shoulder
tilting the head backwards
list 3 responsibilities of the captain when removing a spine injured athlete
1. take control of head and neck to prevent further damage
2. instruct other 6 people what to do
3. establishes responsiveness
list 2 responsibilities of the second person helping to remove a spine injured athlete from the field
1. cuts off all sunbbers/mask
2. gets stretcher ready to slide under athlete
How do we treat a concussion?
telling patient no exercise and no activity for 24 hrs
What CAN the patient do during a concussion?
let their brain rest
What can a patient NOT do during a concussion?
text, read or watch tv
Name three areas of brain function that the SCAT test assesses
1. verbal memory
2. visual memory
3. reaction time
list or describe 3 specific tests used on a SCAT sideline evaluation of a concussion victim.
1. executive function
2. cognitive function
3. ability to react to rapid change
who is most vulnerable to sustain second impact syndrome and why?
under 24 yrs old, why? because the brain is still developing
name five specific concussion symptoms:
1. blurry vision
5. sensitivity to light
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