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Chapter 5 section 1

Who made up the high social class?

Large landowners

Who made up the lower class?

People who did not own land--servants, slaves, hired workers


to trade something for goods or services

Did women have many rights in early American culture?

No. They could not vote, hold office, or own property without husband's permission.

Why did families have lots of children?

More kids = more workers to help on the farm.


A beginner who learns a trade or craft from an experienced master. Worked for free for 4-7 years

What did an apprentice get?

Learned a trade, got food, clothes, place to live. .

Why did children learn to read?

So they could understand the Bible.

Who learned math and how to write?

wealthy children had tutors or private schooling

Great Awakening

A time when religion became popular again in 1730-1740s in the colonies. It encouraged ideas of equality and challenging authority

Jonathan Edwards

A well-known preacher who scared people with images of an angry God, but promised they could be saved.

George Whitefield

A preacher who raised money to start a home for orphans


A period that emphasized resoan and science as a path to knowledge.

Benjamin Franklin

A famous person of the Enlightenment.

John Locke

Philosopher who argued that people have natural rights--life, liberty, and property.


the ability to read and write

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