US History Midterm BJU
Terms in this set (61)
Spain's earliest competitor to reach the Far East and make early claims to new lands; first European nation to discover a sea route to Asia
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Juan Ponce de Leon
landed near present day St Augustine and claimed Florida for Spain
Spanish Settlements in North America
soldiers did much of the exploration, much gold was found and taken, slavery was introduced
Reformation turned this country to Protestantism
German monk influential in starting the Protestant Reformation
Dutch culture was affecting their children
The Pilgrims left Holland because
reasons settlers came to America
religious freedom, riches, land
House of Burgesses
first self-governing body in America
contributed to alienation of colonists from Britain
diversity of the colonists, strength of colonial self-government, taxes imposed on the colonies
contributed to growth of nationalism in the American colonies
isolation from Britain, private ownership of land, colonies were accustomed to self-government
England's main opponent during the wars from the 1680s to the 1760s (Hundred Years' War); America's ally during the War for Independence
French and Indian War
brought an end to French power in the New World
stronger Indian alliances
advantages of the French during French and Indian War
British three part plan to win Seven Years' War
leaving the fighting in Europe to Persia, using its navy to isolate the French colonies, replacing old commanders
British consequences of their victory in the French and Indian War
increased land, debts that needed to be repaid, troubles in America
Treaty of Paris (1763)
Britain gained control of eastern Canada, Florida, and French land east of the Mississippi River
results of Boston Massacre
five colonists died, John Adams was one of the defense attorneys for the British soldiers, two soldiers' thumbs were branded
First Continental Congress
asserted the rights of the colonies to defend themselves
Giving up the city without a fight would damage support for the war
Why did George Washington attempt to defend New York City?
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
raised low morale of the army
Princeton was an important victory for Washington because it
launched guerrilla raids to support American troops during Revolutionary War
The arrival of a French fleet with reinforcements
What Unexpected event turned cornwallis's secure position at
Yorktown into a hopeless trap?
America's single greatest contribution to political thought
American government under the Articles of Confederation
region most opposed to granting the federal government control over trade
Treaty of Paris
success of the Articles of Confederation
each colony was jealous of its power
Why did the colonists create a weak confederation?
A series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers led by Revolutionary War Captain Daniel Shays to block foreclosure proceedings caused unrest over farm loans
large states versus small states
two factions opposed each other over the issue of representation in Congress
people who opposed ratification of the Constitution
liberty and order
Constitutional Convention had to strike a balance between
assumption of state debts
What did the South accept in return for locating the national capital in the South?
The constitutional amendment that establishes the five great liberties: freedom of the press, of speech, of religion, petition, and of assembly.
First National Bank
First bank of the U.S. government, set up by Alexander Hamilton. Aimed at providing loans to local businesses.
the trail into Kentucky that woodsman Daniel Boone helped to build through the Cumberland Gap
had too many enemies
Alexander Hamilton was not nominated as a presidential candidate in the 1796 election because
the Quasi War
Undeclared war fought entirely at sea between the United States and France in the 1790s, made some Americans willing to accept the Alien and Sedition Acts
reign of terror, many French citizens were executed, some Americans favored the French although America did not come to their aid
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
advocated for nullification
British were preoccupied in a war with Napoleon
advantage the US enjoyed at the beginning of the War of 1812
election of presidential electors by popular vote
democratization in the first quarter of the nineteenth century included
Taxes from all regions would be used to benefit only limited regions
main reason that many Americans opposed federal funding of internal improvements
Corrupt Bargain/Election of 1824
loosing candidate Clay urged supporters to vote for Adams in exchange for a spot in Adams cabinet
Indian tribe that attempted to keep its lands with the hep of missionaries
president lacked the congressional support required to approve a treaty
Why was Texas annexed by a joint resolution of Congress rather than by a formal treaty?
Mexican army invaded Texas
Why did the Texas settlers decide to fight for independence?
Santa Fe Trail
an important trade route going between Mexico and the US
1800s belief that Americans had the right to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent
James K. Polk
US president during Mexican War
What dispute was the immediate cause of the Mexican War?
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) organization of Utah and New Mexico, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (4) federal assumption of Texas debt, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive slave law
Immorality and expansion of slavery
According to Lincoln, what was at the heart of his debate with Douglas?
The climate of the new territories cannot support slavery
According to Daniel Webster, why was the debate over slavery in the new territories needless?
feared the loss of power in the Senate
The South resisted the admission of California as a state because they?
a split within the Democratic Party
What factor was probably most responsible for Lincoln's election to the presidency?
Lincoln's call for troops
What event was most responsible for the UPPER South to secede?
election of Lincoln
What event was most responsible for the LOWER South to secede?
An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in Harpers Ferry after capturing an Armory
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
BJU US History Chapter 15
BJU World History Chapter 15
BJU American Government Final Exam