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muscle attached to immovable bone


the moveable end of a muscle

nonaxial movement

slipping movements only, no axis around which movement can occur

uniaxial movement

synovial joint motion; movement in one plane (ex. elbow)

biaxial movement

synovial joint motion; movement in two planes (ex. knuckle)

multiaxial movement

synovial joint motion; movement in three planes (ex. shoulder)

gliding,angular movements,and rotation

what are three types of movement


Partially movable joint where bones slide over one another.

angular movements

flexion and extension; abduction & adduction, increase or a decrease in the angle between articulating bones. Include flexion, extension, hyperextension, abduction, lateral flexion, adduction and circumduction.


circular movement around an axis,the only movements allowed are between the first vertabre and is common at the hip and shoulder joints


Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreases and the parts come closer together


the opposite of flexion: the angle between the articulating bones increases and the body part straightens e.g. straightening the leg at the knee.


The extreme backward movement of the head, causing injury to the posterior vertebral structures and anterior ligaments.


flexing the foot at the ankle toward the shin

plantar flexion

Extension of the toes or foot so that they point downward


moving away from the midline

lateral flexion

Movement of the trunk sideways to the right or left at the waist


Movement towards the midline


moving a limb so that it describes a cone in space


rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward


rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward


turning the sole of the foot inward


turning the sole of the foot outward


Moving the mandible into a position anterior to normal.


moving your jaw back into itsoriginal position


movement upward, as in shrugging the shoulders


Lowering a body part


Movement of the thumb to touch the fingertips saddle joints

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