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flexion and extension; abduction & adduction, increase or a decrease in the angle between articulating bones. Include flexion, extension, hyperextension, abduction, lateral flexion, adduction and circumduction.
circular movement around an axis,the only movements allowed are between the first vertabre and is common at the hip and shoulder joints
Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreases and the parts come closer together
the opposite of flexion: the angle between the articulating bones increases and the body part straightens e.g. straightening the leg at the knee.
The extreme backward movement of the head, causing injury to the posterior vertebral structures and anterior ligaments.
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