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Pendergrast practice Questions #1
Terms in this set (100)
Waste excretion is a requirement for maintaining homeostasis and can be achieved through which route of excretion?
There are four different routes responsible for waste excretion. The respiratory system removes carbon dioxide and water vapor, the sweat glands remove water, salts, and urea, the digestive system removes bile salts and pigments, the urinary system removes urea, salts, and water.
Which of the following are considered to be a major structure within the thoracic cavity?
All of the above
The thoracic cavity contains the following major structures: the heart, lungs, esophagus, and major blood vessels.
How many cervical vertebrae does the cat have?
The ileum in rabbits terminates at which of the following structures?
In the average horse, how many liters of ingesta can the colon hold?
The colon of the horse can hold up to 100 L of ingesta.
The name of the hole between the cardiac atria that closes at birth in the mammal is:
Which of the following is not a muscle in the abdominal group?
Cardiac muscle is considered a:
Striated involuntary muscle
What is the function of the retractor bulbi muscle?
To pull the eye deeper in the socket
Where is the columella bone located?
In the male tortoise, the testes are located adjacent to what other organ?
Which structure will not allow blood vessels and nerves to pass through?
A facet is a flat articular surface and is found on many bones.
The junction between the bone and the cartilage of the ribs is referred to as the:
All of the following are part of the small intestine, except:
The section between the canine teeth and the first premolar of the horse is termed:
Which of the following structures suspends the larynx from the skull?
How many teeth does an adult dog have?
The portal vein:
Delivers blood to the liver
The only true pivot joint in the body is the:
Which inhalant anesthetic causes the most dramatic increase in cerebral blood flow and intracranial pressure?
Using the dissection method, which parts of the distal forelimb are removed in an onychectomy?
Distal phalanx and nail
You have just administered one tablet of 64.8 mg of phenobarbital. How many grains of drug did you deliver?
1 gr = 64.8 mg
For what purpose is an esophageal stethoscope most useful?
Monitoring anesthetized patients
Which of the following drug classes should be avoided in patients with renal disease?
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided in patients with renal disease. These drugs can cause a decrease in renal blood flow
Hypothermia in the anesthetized patient can cause all of the following complications except:
What organism causes strangles in horses?
2% lidocaine is prescribed for a 13-lb beagle at a dose of 2 mg/kg IV. How many mL will you deliver?
2% = 20 mg/mL
13 lb ÷ 2.2 lb/kg = 5.9 kg
5.9 kg x 2 mg/kg = 11.8 mg
11.8 mg ÷ 20 mg/mL = 0.6 mL
What is "porphyrin staining" in rodents?
Red tears which may encircle the eye
Controlled substance prescriptions administered to clients for classes III, IV, and V can have 5 refills available for how long?
When grading furcation involvement, which of the following descriptions would be termed Grade 1?
Grade 0: No furcation involvement. Grade 1: Initial furcation involvement: the furcation can be felt with the probe/explorer, but horizontal tissue destruction is less than ⅓ of the horizontal width of the furcation. Grade 2: Partial furcation involvement: it is possible to explore the furcation but the probe/explorer cannot be passed through it; horizontal tissue destruction is >⅓ of the horizontal width of the furcation. Grade 3: Total furcation involvement: the probe/explorer can be passed through the furcation from buccal to palatal/lingual.
In which layer of the eye are the rods and cons located?
Poor husbandry conditions, along with a humid environment, predispose guinea pigs to which of the following conditions?
What term identifies the hard, mineralized substance on the tooth surface?
All of the following would be considered part of an oral assessment, except:
Popliteal lymph nodes
The tibia and fibula of the dog are located immediately proximal to what bones?
In trauma cases, fluid therapy should be used with caution in which of the following scenarios?
During a cystotomy, the doctor requests a suture to close the bladder. Which suture is the most appropriate?
Monofilament, absorbable with a taper point
When polishing teeth using an air-driven unit, at what speed should the hand piece be set?
Which NSAID is labeled for use in horses and cattle, but has extra label uses in other species?
The doctor asks you to fill oral metronidazole, 10 mg/kg po bid for 7 days. The dog weighs 37.5 kg and you have 250 mg tablets available in the hospital. How many tablets do you fill?
37.5 kg x 10 mg/kg = 375 mg
375 mg/250 mg tablets = 1.5 tablets/dose
BID (twice a day) for 7 days = 14 total doses
(2 times a day for 7 days = 2 x 7 = 14). So 14 doses x 1.5 tablets/dose = 14 x 1.5 = 21 total tablets
A young female pig that has not yet given birth is referred to as:
Inadequate intake of protein and energy may result in:
Hair loss and dry, dull hair coat
The class of antibiotics most commonly prescribed to treat rickettsial infections, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, is
When a dog is presented to the hospital to be spayed, the veterinary technician should prepare the surgical site. In which area is the incision most commonly made?
Abdominal ventral midline
What does the term minute volume mean?
The sum of all gas volumes exhaled in 1 min
Common causes of ventricular premature contractions include all of the following except:
In what organ are most drugs metabolized (biotransformed)?
The advantages of a non-rebreathing system, as compared with a circle breathing system, include all of the following, except:
Greater potential for hypothermia caused by high flows needed
In cats, aquatic therapy is contraindicated for:
A disadvantage of breathing 50% nitrous oxide is that it:
Decreases the arterial oxygenation
Hypoglycemia is most common in patients that experience:
You are asked to infuse intravenously 1 L of fluids at 25 drops/min throughout 10 hr. After 5 hr you observe that 650 mL have been administered. What adjustment in the drip rate is necessary?
Rate must be slowed from 25 drops/min to 18 drops/min to complete the infusion as ordered
1000 mL ÷ 650 mL = 350 mL remain
10 hr ÷ 5 hr = 5 hr remain
350 mL ÷ 5 hr x 1 hr/60 min x 15 drops/mL = 17.5 drops/min
The concentration of furosemide is 10%. How many mgs are in 1.2 mL?
10% solution = 100 mg/mL
100 mg/mL ÷ 1.2 mL = 120 mg
Corticosteroids are used for which of the following?
Which of the following is the easiest method for monitoring fluid therapy?
For what is the ciliary body within the eye responsible?
To change the shape of the lens
Malocclusions in which the mandibular is rostral to the maxilla is termed:
Class 3 mandibular mesioclusions
The usual significance of a small seroma beneath a suture line in the skin is:
Which of the following mammals does not have a gallbladder?
Which of the following drugs is used to treat ventricular premature contractions (VPCs)?
How long does it take for barium sulfate to travel from the stomach to the colon?
Which of the following diseases in the hedgehog is characterized by progressive ataxia, weight loss, paralysis, and eventual death?
Wobbling hedgehog syndrome
Which of the following radiographic terms describes the caudal surface of the forelimb distal to the carpus?
Glucocorticoids are often used to treat all of the following conditions, except:
Autoimmune skin disease
During CPCR what is the preferred order of routes for drug administration?
Central venous, peripheral venous, intraosseous, intratracheal
For what reason is apomorphine used in canine patients in emergency veterinary medicine?
To produce emesis after ingestion of a toxin
The numbers on the vaporizer dial indicate the:
Concentration (in percent) delivered at the output of the vaporizer
Which of the following behaviors are commonly associated with clinical signs of pain in dogs?
Panting, anorexia, and depression
Understanding common conversions from the metric system, used in veterinary medicine, to the common household systems of measurement can be helpful when instructing clients about dosage. Which of the following is equal to 30 mL?
15 mL = 1 Tbsp.
5 mL = 1 tsp.
30 mL = 1 oz.
240 mL = 1 cup
Which of the following organs plays a crucial role in the metabolism and clearance of most anesthetic drugs?
What organ releases T cells?
When setting up direct arterial blood pressure monitoring, where should the transducer be placed?
At the level of the heart
The transducer should be placed at the level of the heart. Any other location will provide inaccurate readings.
Observing a "zippy" motility in fresh feces is used to help diagnose the presence of what parasite?
All of the following cells are produced in the bone marrow, except:
What is a cause of Flea Allergy Dermatitis?
Keeping the urine ____________ will keep struvite crystals dissolved in solution.
Where does "wind-up" occur?
What can be done to decrease the risk of esophageal lesions in cats secondary to oral medications?
Follow the medication with water
Which of the following suffixes refers to a blood condition that is usually abnormal?
The normal temperature for a feline patient ranges from:
100° F-102.2° F
Which protein gives erythrocytes their red color?
Nitroglycerin is sometimes used as a paste applied to the pinna or to the abdominal skin in dogs with cardiovascular disease. Nitroglycerin has what therapeutic effect?
Fluoride accomplishes all of the following except?
Strengthening the periodontal ligament
The letters "DEA" precede canine blood types. What do these letters stand for?
Dog erythrocyte antigen
The definition for the rate at which a liquid will turn into a gas at a given temperature is:
Which of the following vessels is most commonly used for intravenous catheterization in a larger lizard such as an iguana?
Caudal tail vein
What is meant by the term noxious stimulus?
A damaging or potentially damaging tissue stimulus
Pediculosis is an infestation of
Many veterinary technicians are asked to calculate and administer constant rate infusions, as patients can benefit immensely. Which of the following statements is not a benefit of a CRI?
CRIs provide greater control over drug administration
A 20-kg dog with a PCV of 40% has 300 mL of blood collected. The red blood cells are separated from the serum. What volume of saline would you add to the red cells to make a PCV of 50%?
The doctor orders a dose of calcium gluconate be administered to a patient. In addition to drawing up the medication, what other procedure should you prepare for?
To monitor an EKG
The emetic of choice in cats is:
The nerves and blood vessels of a tooth are located in the:
The instrument suitable for cutting a paper drape is:
What is the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification system rating for a patient that is anemic or moderately dehydrated?
A patient that is moderately dehydrated or anemic would be classified as P3 and at moderate risk. A patient with mild dehydration or obese would be considered P2, low risk, whereas a patient suffering from internal hemorrhage would be classified as P4, high risk.
If there is only a small amount of serum separated after centrifuging a tube of whole blood (and you need more for testing), what should you do?
Rim/ring the clot and spin again at a normal speed and time
When obtaining a dorsopalmar view of the carpus of a horse, where should the cassette be held?
Against the palmar aspect of the carpus
Potassium deficiency results in:
Which of the following options is not a sign of RBC regeneration?
Spherocytes lack a central pallor and appear slightly smaller and denser than normal RBCs. Spherocytes result from the binding of antibodies to the RBC surface and the removal of a portion of the cell membrane by macrophages in the spleen. This occurs most commonly in immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. Spherocytes are seen with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia and will cause RBC degradation. All other responses are signs of regeneration.
All of the following sutures have a degree of capillarity, except?
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