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Arts and Humanities
Theology- Paschal Mystery Mid Term Study Guide
Terms in this set (150)
The disordered human appetites or desires that remain even after Baptism due to the temporal consequences of Original Sin and which constitute an inclination to sin.
God's bringing forth the universe and all its inhabitants into being out of nothing. Creation is good but has been corrupted by sin.
scientific theory that species came to be as they are by a gradual process of change and development.
gift from God includes the power of directing one's own actions without constraint
state that existed between our first parents and God by which they fully participated in divine life before the fall.
state enjoyed by our first parents characterized by inner harmony of the human person, harmony between man and woman, and harmony with creation.
A Jewish sect at the time of Jesus known for its strict adherence to the Law.
gifts bestowed on our first parents, which included exemption from concupiscence, sickness, death, and ignorance. These gifts are distinct from the supernatural gifts by which our first parents were adopted as children of
Literally meaning "being bought back," the act by which Jesus Christ, through his sacrificial Death on the Cross, set us free from the slavery of sin
A fallen angel or the devil; the Evil One
The form of the body, this is an individual spiritual substance created directly by God in his image and likeness.
going beyond the limits of ordinary experience
The Catholic Church believes there are some valid theories of evolution.
Every human being is made in God's image and likeness.
The soul is immortal.
The allegorical sense of Scripture shows how people and events in salvation history
parallel future people or events.
The moral sense of Scripture shows us how to live
The anagogical sense of Scripture shows how it relates to eternal life.
Ark of the Covenant
A sacred chest that housed the tablets of the Ten Commandments. It was placed within the sanctuary where God would come and dwell.
An agreement between God and his people
Another name for the Ten Commandments
The commission of the Original Sin by Adam and Eve, which resulted in their loss of original holiness and justice as well as concupiscence, suffering, death, and loss of friendship with God.
excessive or blind adoration; worship of an object
Son of Abraham and Sarah
The great prophet who guided the reforms of Hezekiah. His prophecies often refer to the coming of the Messiah.
The mount upon which took place the sacrifice of Isaac; later becomes the site of the temple.
The new "dispensation" or order, established by God in Jesus Christ, to succeed and perfect the Old Covenant.
Mary; A title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary because her acceptance of God's will in receiving the Christ child would help reverse the effects of Eve's disobedience of God in the Garden of Eden.
Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of the Israelites' firstborn males from the Angel of Death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts, which allowed them to leave bondage in Egypt for the promised land.
One who speaks to the people for God.
A term that means "the first gospel," which is found in Genesis 3:15, when God revealed he would send a Savior to redeem the world from its sins.
Adam and Eve's third son and eventual heir. His line carried on the true worship of God in contrast to the evil line of Cain.
Tower of Babel
A tall building proposed by the Hamites in order to "make a name for themselves." God responded to their challenge by confusing their languages, so the project could never be completed.
Through Original Sin, mankind lost Original Holiness and Original Justice.
A covenant is a sacred agreement, not just a contract.
After our Fall, God set up covenants with the people to bring them back to Himself.
God chose Abraham to be the father of a new nation.
God promises Abraham: a land and a nation, to make his descendants a blessing for all
nations, and a kingship and a name
To test his faithfulness, God asks Abraham to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice.
God reveals his name as "I AM WHO I AM" to Moses
The Decalogue is the 10 Commandments, the basis of the Mosaic Covenant.
God promises David "to establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father
and he shall be my son" (2 Samnuel 7:13-14)
Reparation for an offense through a voluntary action that expiates the injustice done.
Willingness to abandon worldly riches or otherwise separate from the world for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven.
let it be done
The free and unmerited favor of God given, first of all, through the Sacraments. Grace is a share in the divine life infused into the soul by the Holy Spirit to heal from sin, overcome sin and error, and strive towards perfect knowledge of God
The period in the life of Christ between his childhood and the beginning of his public ministry about which very little is written in Scripture.
God becoming man
Being made right with God. It is a free and undeserved gift of God through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
A divinely revealed truth whose very possibility cannot be rationally conceived before it is revealed and, after revelation, whose inner essence cannot be fully understood by the finite mind.
The birth of Jesus Christ, the Son of God and of the Virgin Mary.
The free and unmerited favor of God dispensed through the Sacraments. This grace heals human nature, which has been wounded by sin, giving man a share in the divine life, which is infused into the soul by the Holy Spirit.
The Blessed Virgin Mary conceived Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit. And that Mary was a virgin
Mary is called the New Eve because her complete obedience to God contrasts with Eve's disobedience.
Jesus, the Word, became flesh to be our model of holiness, to manifest God's love, and to make atonement for our sins.
A mystery is a reality of inexhaustible depth and meaning.
The Sacraments are a source of Sanctifying Grace
St. Gabriel came to Mary to tell her about the conception of Jesus
The baptism of John was a call for repentance, but it did not forgive sins
The Immaculate Conception is the Church teaching that Mary is free from all sin,
including Original Sin
The fulfillment of the redemption begins with the baptism of Christ and spans his life,
death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
The New Covenant established by God in Jesus Christ fulfills the Old Covenant and the
The Old Testament covenants prepared the chosen people for the Messiah and prefigured
the new and definitive covenant established by Christ.
Greek for "thanksgiving"; also called the Mass or Lord's Supper. The principal sacramental celebration of the Church, established by Christ at the Last Supper
Lamb of God
The Passover sacrifice at the Exodus. This was a type for Jesus Christ, the perfect sacrifice
set of meditations of the Rosary that focus on key events in the public life of Christ: His Baptism, the wedding feast at Cana, the proclamation of the Kingdom, the Transfiguration, and the institution of the Eucharist.
the principal sacramental celebration of the Church, established by Christ at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of salvation through participation in the sacrificial Death and glorious Resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished.
Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, in which we celebrate and commemorate the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, to redeem humanity from sin and death
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson
A special prayer that honors Mary, the Mother of God.
Christ was baptized to indicate acceptance of his mission of redemption.
Christ's New Commandment of Love is to "Love one another, even as I have loved you.
The Last Supper anticipates Jesus' redemptive sacrifice.
At the Transfiguration, Moses and Elijah were there with Jesus and the three Apostles.
Jesus predicted His own Resurrection, but the disciples did not understand.
At the Wedding Feast at Cana, Christ reveals that he has the power of God
mental, moral, and physical agony suffered by Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, where he prayed after the Last Supper but before his arrest.
The "going up" into Heaven of the Risen Christ forty days after his Resurrection.
form of execution in which the prisoner is nailed or otherwise affixed to a cross and left to die of asphyxiation.
The place where Jesus was arrested
The Sacrament of Apostolic Ministry by which the mission entrusted by Christ to his Apostles continues to be exercised in the Church through the laying on of hands, which leaves a sacramental character on the soul.
first disciple of Christ to witness the resurrection
The suffering, death, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ
The center of Roman government in a province.
Jesus's rise from the dead
An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit. There are seven Sacraments
The place where the Last Supper took place
The Paschal Mystery makes our redemption possible.
Christ ascended 40 days after the Resurrection
At Jesus' trial, the crowd demands for Barabbas to be released rather than Jesus.
The Resurrection was a transcendent event, it was true and historical, and it confirms that
Christ is God.
Mary, the mother of Jesus, was not the first to see Jesus after the Resurrection.
During his Passion, Christ endured moral suffering as well as physical suffering.
It was God's plan that Christ should suffer and die.
Hypostatic Union describes the perfect union of Christ's divine and human natures in his
one divine Person.
Kenosis means "self-emptying" and refers to Christ's humility in taking on human nature
and in his death on a Cross.
The teachings of Jesus during the Sermon on the Mount in which he describes the actions and attitudes that should characterize Christians and by which one can discover genuine meaning and happiness.
an inner feeling or voice viewed as acting as a guide to the rightness or wrongness of one's behavior.
the mandate of all baptized Christians to follow Jesus and participate in his role as priest, prophet, and king
The proclamation of the Gospel, the Good News of redemption through Jesus Christ, through our words and lived witness.
The theological virtue by which one believes in all that God has said and revealed to man and that the Church proposes for belief.
The dwelling of Satan and the other fallen angels. By their own choice, those in hell suffer eternal separation from God and the company of the blessed.
Spiritual perfection or purity arising from a likeness unto God, who is perfectly Holy; free dedication of a Christian to the will of God and the participation in the life of grace
theological virtue by which one desires the happiness of eternal life with God by placing one's trust in the promises of Christ and relying on the grace of the Holy Spirit.
The Second Coming of Christ when the Lord will judge the living and the dead.
term for the Church on earth, whose members are on a journey, the destination of which has not yet been reached. although people face difficulties and temptations
Precepts of the Church
Certain duties prescribed by the Church to help us live in keeping with the teachings of Christ. Ex: obligation to attend Mass, Holy Days of Obligation, annually confession, receive the Eucharist at least during the Easter season, days of fasting and abstinence, and provide needs of Church.
A state of final purification after death but before entrance into heaven for those who have died in God's friendship but still have sinful attachments.
Resurrection of the body
rising of the bodies of all the deceased to be reunited with their souls, which will take place on the Last Day at the Second Coming of Christ.
person on earth, in Purgatory, or in heaven notable for holiness and heroic virtue. The saints share in God's life, glory, and happiness.
application of the grace of redemption to individual human lives through a personal and free acceptance of that gift.
Virtues infused by God through sanctifying grace, the greatest of which are the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity.
Faith, hope, and charity. Infused in the soul at Baptism, these enable a Christian to partake of the divine nature; they are called theological because they have God as their object.
In the Sermon on the Mount, Christ gave his disciples the Beatitudes.
The Beatitudes show a true path for happiness
The Beatitudes teach that true happiness comes from self-denial and humility.
The three theological virtues are: faith, hope, and charity (love). The most important is charity (love).
The Corporal Works of Mercy are acts that help the physical needs of others.
At the Final Judgment, all will be judged.
The Church teaches that the souls in hell have chosen of their own free will to separate
themselves from God.
Worship of God. This is the humble acknowledgment by human beings that they are creatures of God.
Devotional prayer that recalls the announcement of the Incarnation to the Virgin Mary by the archangel Gabriel.
prayer or act that expresses God's favor, generosity, and unconditional love for his peopl
True sorrow for and hatred of committed sins, coupled with the firm purpose to sin no more.
The words with which the angel Gabriel greeted Mary at the Annunciation: "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee."
Prayers or petitions offered on behalf of other persons and their needs.
devotional method that involves reading a passage of Sacred Scripture, meditating on it, praying with it, and contemplating God's presence.
form of prayer which focuses on giving recognition to God for his own sake, giving glory to him for who he is.
A distraction to prayer in which one feels his or her prayer is of no value, or is not being answered.
Most of the Church's prayer comes from Sacred Scripture.
The Paschal Mystery is made present in the liturgy of the Church.
The Our Father is the model of perfect prayer.
The public prayer of the Church, in which all of the faithful are encouraged to participate
is the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.
Meditative prayer engages the entire person through the mind and heart, often employs
prayer aids, and is used when praying the rosary.
Petition requests God's blessing and favor upon others.
The Liturgy of the Word includes readings from the Old Testament and the New
The Church's greatest feast is Easter.
Through the Death and Resurrection, Jesus shows Himself to be truly "Emmanuel,"
which means "God with us."
Describe the nature and consequences of Original Sin. How did God response ultimately to the fall that Adam and Eve initiated?
-Perfect and holy friendship with God was lost
- Received suffering and death - Had a greater inclination to sin
- Suffered from concupiscence- Perfect harmony between man and woman lost
- God made a covenant with us (the protoevangelium). He would send to us a savior who would conquer sin and death, and restore our sanctifying grace
In the Old Testament, how do we see God's promises to redeem humanity despite sin? Be sure to include at least 3 specific examples.
-Noah: never destroy earth
- Abraham: give land & descendants (numerous)
- Moses: give 10 commandments
-** David: messiah will come from your kingdom; lineage
-**Isaiah: welcome a prophecy of the suffering, messiah will suffer
Describe three of the five major reasons why the Word became flesh.
1.) model holiness
2.) destroy power of the devil- lessoning temptation of sin
3.) reconcile God & man
4.) to allow us to share in God's divinity
5.) to show God's love
Summarize the Parable of the Seed and the Sower and explain what Christ teaches through it (Luke 8:4-15).
Jesus then (only in the presence of his disciples) explains that the seed represents the Gospel (the sower being anyone who proclaims it), and the various soils represent people's responses to it (the first three representing rejection while the last represents acceptance).
Describe the key points in the significance of Christ's Resurrection: as a real and historical event, as a transcendent event, as a confirmation that Jesus Christ is God, as Christ's fulfillment of the Old Testament and of his own promises, and as a promise of our own resurrection.
the resurrection is an event in time. Therefore it saves people who are in time. It's transcendent meaning it's from God, so it's came straight from him. The resurrection shows that Jesus is between is between the transcendent and historical
What is the universal call to holiness? In what ways are Christians called to respond to this call and to live as Christ's disciples, and what assistance does every Christian have along his or her journey?
Universal Call to Holiness means that God desires every person to become a saint. Christians are called to respond to this call and to live as his disciples by spreading the word of God, praising and following God. And each Christian has the church and god with them on their journey
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