Unit 1 (Ancient Civilizations) Study Guide
Terms in this set (39)
The development of agriculture and the domestication of animals as a food source. This led to the development of permanent settlements and the start of civilization.
Selective growing or breeding of plants and animals to make them more useful to humans.
Effects of Surplus Food
A period between the Stone and Iron ages, characterized by the manufacture and use of bronze tools and weapons
One of first true cities in history, created in the Neolithic Era in 6500 to 5500 BC, from which were created agriculture, trading, temples, housing, and religions
The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area.
A scientific investigation of the cultural remains of people in the past
Tigris and Euphrates
Ancient Mesopotamia was found between what two rivers.
Indus and Ganges
Two important rivers in India, that sustained their farms
Huang He and Yangtze
The two main rivers in China
A river in East Africa, the longest in the world, flowing North from Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean. Lots of resources surrounding, 4,000 miles in Uganda, Sudan, and into Egypt
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
A group of ancient city-states in southern Mesopotamia; the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia.
A government controlled by religious leaders
Different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers
Babylonian who conquered the Akkadians/Sumer. His law code was influential for centuries.
Code of Hammurabi
A collection of 282 laws. One of the first examples of written law in the ancient world.
Belief in many gods
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
The first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
A rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.
He was among the first leaders to have a permanent army.
A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader.
King of Upper Egypt, united the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt
First Woman Ruler Queen for 22 years during New Kingdom
Period in ancient Egyptian history characterized by the building of the Great Pyramids at Giza.
Known as the time of reunification, advances in literature, art and architecture occurred at this time.
Period in ancient Egyptian history characterized by strong pharaohs who conquered an empire that stretched from Nubia in the south, to the Euphrates River in Mesopotamia.
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying.
A huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing.
A long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds
A fortress that overlooks and protects a city; any strong or commanding place
City Planning in the Indus Vally
A very grid like community
A sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
Cattle bones or tortoise shells on which Chinese priests would write questions and then interpret answers from the cracks that formed when the bones were heated
Mandate of Heaven
A political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
The historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties.
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