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18 terms

Early Middle Ages Ch. 17

Key terms for Ch. 17
STUDY
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topography
the shape and elevation of land in a region
Eurasia
the large landmass that includes both Europe and Asia
middle ages
a period that lasted from about 500 to about 1500
medieval
referring to the Middle Ages; Latin for "middle age"
Patrick
(400s) Christian saint, he converted the people of Ireland to Christianity
monks
were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities
monasteries
Communities of monks
Benedict
(c. 480-547) Italian saint and monk, he created a set of rules for monks to follow.
Charlemagne
King of the Franks, he was a brilliant warrior and strong leader. He was crowned Emperor of the Romans in 800.
knights
warriors who fought on horseback
vassal
a knight who promised to support a lord in exchange for land in medieval Europe
feudalism
the system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in medieval Europe
William the Conqueror
(c. 1028-1087) Powerful French noble who conquered England, he brought feudalism to Britain.
manor
were large estates owned by knights and lords that developed in Europe during the Middle Ages
serfs
workers who were tied to the land on which they lived
Eleanor of Aquitaine
(c. 1122-1204) Queen of France and England, she was one of the most powerful women in Europe in the Middle Ages.
chivalry
the code of honorable behavior for medieval knights
haiku
a type of Japanese poem with three lines and 17 syllables that describes nature scene