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Terms in this set (36)
What specific constitutional principle was Alexander Hamilton referring to in this quotation?
"It therefore belongs to [the courts] to ascertain . . . the meaning of any particular act proceeding from the legislative body." —Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 78, 1788
the authority to interpret laws
Which of the constitutional principles listed was Madison describing and defending in the quotation below?
"In the compound republic of America, the power . . . is first divided between two distinct governments. . . . The different governments will control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself." —James Madison, Federalist No. 51, 1788
The principle of popular sovereignty is based on the belief that
the government gets its power from the people and can exist only with their consent.
Which of the following is an example of checks and balances at work?
Congress removes from the bench a federal judge who has accepted a bribe.
Which of the following statements BEST describes the cause and effect of the 15th Amendment?
It was passed as a result of the Union's victory in the Civil War, and extended the right to vote to male African Americans.
Which of the following statements supplies the information on proposing an amendment that is missing from the chart?
A national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of the State legislatures.
The first three Amendments listed have which of the following in common?
Protecting the rights of individuals in the court system
An explicitly denied power is a power banned outright by the Constitution. An implicitly denied power is a power banned, but not directly mentioned in the Constitution. Which of the following powers is implicitly denied to the Federal Government?
Establish marriage and divorce laws
What name is commonly given to this quote from the Constitution?
"A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime." —Article IV, Section 2
the Extradition Clause
Which of the following is MOST directly related to the idea that government should be restricted in what it can do?
The Magna Carta established the idea that
a monarch's power was not absolute
Use this excerpt from the English Bill of Rights to answer the question.
"...that the pretended power of suspending the laws, or the execution of laws, by regal authority, without consent of Parliament is illegal...that levying money for or to the use of the Crown... without grant of Parliament...is illegal...that it is the right of the subjects to petition the king... and that prosecutions for such petitioning are illegal..." —English Bill of Rights
Which of the following ideas is embodied in this excerpt?
The king needed the consent of Parliament in order to tax people.
Use the excerpt to answer the question.
...whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundations on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness." —The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America
To what concept of government does this excerpt refer?
the social contract
Which of the following did all of the first State constitutions have in common?
limited government, separation of power, checks and balances
In 1787, Congress called on the States to send delegates to Philadelphia "...for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation and reporting to Congress and the several legislatures such alterations and provisions therein as shall when agreed to in Congress and confirmed by the States render the [Articles] adequate to the exigencies of Government and the preservation of the Union."
What does this request reveal about the general attitude in Congress toward the Articles of Confederation?
The general idea was that the Articles of Confederation needed revision, but not complete replacement.
Use the chart comparing the Virginia and the New Jersey plans to answer the question.
the way States would be represented in Congress
What was the compromise's other main feature?
In the Senate, the States would be represented equally. In the House, the States would be represented based on population.
In deciding the population of a State for purposes of representation, a disagreement arose as to whether enslaved persons should be counted. Study the map. Which statement is consistent with what the map shows?
North and South Carolina probably favored counting enslaved persons as part of their populations.
What is government?
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
Which of the following is the best definition of the public policies of a government?
everything a government decides to do
Use the Preamble to the Constitution to answer the question.
"We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."—U.S. Constitution, Preamble
Which statement BEST expresses the concerns of the founders of the American government?
Their focus was to create a government that protected all aspects of the nation and its people.
In what way is the United States a representative democracy?
Citizens choose small groups of people to make laws and policy for them.
A form of government in which the ruler is not responsible to the will of the people
a gov in which a small group exercises control
A government controlled by religious leaders and based on religious law
a gov controlled by a single person
A legitimate government is
one that is accepted by its people and other governments as the sovereign authority of a nation.
According to John Locke, political society is created when individuals voluntarily form a government to create and enforce laws, thereby protecting the people who form that government. In this social contract, people give up some of their power to the government, which then rules in their interest. This is the basis of which of the following concepts?
gov by consent
What is the relationship between democracy and the free enterprise system?
The government does not decide what is produced or what items cost, but does play a role in the economy by protecting the public and preserving private enterprise.
what is the purpose of a const?
sets forth the basic laws that explain the structure, principles, and processes of a gov
what are the advantages of a written const?
keeps an official record of these laws to help ensure that they are enforced consistently, not subj to the whim of whoever is in power at the time, and that they are followed
give at least 2 reasons why the articles of confederation were inadequate to meet the needs of the time
they created a unicameral gov w congress as the sole governing body. however, congress has little power to tax which led to an inability to raise funds. it also did not have the power to regulate trade among states or to make the states obey the laws it made
To which amendment in the Bill of Rights are these protests related? (focus on what theyre doing)
Which of the following was another way the colonists protested against British policies?
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
What is the difference between a unitary government and a federal government?
In a unitary government power is held by a single, central agency; in a federal government power is divided between a central government and local governments.
How does the chief executive of a parliamentary system differ from that of a presidential system?
Unlike a president, a prime minister is a member of both the legislative and executive branches.
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