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English 3 Literary Devices 01
Terms in this set (19)
The step-by-step process wherein an author introduces and then describes a character. The character can be described directly by the author or indirectly through the actions, thoughts, and speech of the character.
Ex. "Michael Corleone was not just a mafiaso, but a family man. A man who walked the knife's edge to preserve his sanity."
The writer's choice of words. It can create a distinctive mood, attitude, dialect, and style of writing.
Ex. "A guy goes nuts if he ain't got nobody. Don't make no difference who the guy is, long's he's with you. I tell ya," he cried, "I tell ya a guy gets too lonely and he gets sick."
In this passage certain words such as " goes nuts", "nobody", "no difference", "he cried", "too lonely", and "sick" express more intensely the overwhelming, crestfallen feeling of the speaker.
The use of indicative words (or phrases and hints) that give the reader a hint of something that is going to happen without revealing the story or spoiling the suspense. It is used to suggest an upcoming outcome to the story.
Ex. "He had no idea of the disastrous chain of events to follow." In this sentence, while the protagonist is clueless of further developments, the reader learns that something disastrous and problematic is about to happen to/for him.
Ex. "I have done this a thousand times."
When an author uses words and phrases to create "mental images" for the reader. _____ helps the reader to visualize more realistically the author's writings.
Ex. "The gushing brook stole its way down the lush green mountains, dotted with tiny flowers in a riot of colors and trees coming alive with gaily chirping birds."
The practice of changing the conventional placement of words or phrases.
Ex. "Locked arm in arm they cross the way"
Instead of the conventional phrasing which would be, "They crossed the way locked arm and arm" the author changes the order of phrases to preserve the rhyme scheme.
A comparison of two things by stating one is the other. Some _____ only use "like" or "as"
"The eyes are the window of the soul."
"He smokes like a chimney."
"She is as brave as a lion."
Any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present through the entire body of literature (or across multiple literary works).
Ex. A recurring _____ in The Hunger Games trilogy is the mocking jay, which represents rebellion—an idea that the character Katniss eventually embodies.
In the Lord of the Rings trilogy, the recurring _____ is the ring itself. It's present throughout it all and represents an idea that power corrupts.
When multiple elements of the same type are used in the same way. For example, all verbs in a sentence using the same verb tense.
Ex. "I went to the store, parked the car and bought a pizza." [all verbs are in past tense]
Refers to the sequence of events and happenings that make up a story.
Ex. Many date movies follow a similar simple _____. Boy meets girl, boy loses girl, boy wins girl back in the end.
The manner in which a story is narrated or depicted and who it is that tells the story. Thus, it is instrumental in manipulating the reader's understanding of the narrative.
Two different kinds of _____
First person _____--the story is told by the narrator from his or her standpoint (I)
Third person _____--the author tells the story by referring to all characters and places in the third person with third person pronouns and proper nouns. (he, she, it)
Repeating the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer and more memorable.
"It was many and many a year ago,
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know ...
I was a child and she was a child,
In this kingdom by the sea,
But we loved with a love that was more than love —
I and my Annabel Lee ..."
A question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather than to get an answer.
"You didn't think I would say yes to that, did you?"
"Do you want to be a failure for the rest of your life?"
"Does a bear poop in the woods?"
"Can fish swim?"
The practice of rhyming words placed at the end of the lines in the prose or poetry. _____ refers to the order in which particular words rhyme. If the alternate words rhyme, it is an "a-b-a-b" _____, which means "a" is the rhyme for the lines 1 and 3 and "b" is the rhyme affected in the lines 2 and 4.
Roses are red (a)
Violets are blue (b)
Beautiful they all may be (c)
But I love you (b)
The above is an "a-b-c-b" _____.
Identifies and establishes the time, place and mood of the events of the story. It basically helps in establishing where and when and under what circumstances the story is taking place.
Ex. In the first installment of the Harry Potter series, a large part of the book takes place at the Harry's house, living in the "muggle" (non-magical) world with the "muggle" folks, and Harry is unaware of his magical capabilities and blood. This _____ establishes the background that Harry has a non-magical childhood with other "muggle" people and has no clue about his special powers or his parents and is raised much like, actually worse than, regular people, till his 11th birthday.
A literary device that contains several layers of meaning, often concealed at first sight, and is representative of several other aspects, concepts or traits than those that are visible in the literal translation alone. In other words, a _____ uses an object or action to mean something more than its literal meaning.
Ex. In Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven", the black bird stands for death and loss.
The perspective or attitude that the author adopts with regards to a specific character, place or development.
Ex. In her Harry Potter series, author J.K. Rowling has taken an extremely positive, inspiring and uplifting _____ towards the idea of love and devotion.
A type of irony in which a speaker says one thing but means another thing entirely.
Ex. Someone shopping for a mattress lays down on a really firm one and says, "This bed's about as soft as a brick."
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader.
Ex. Charles Dickens creates a calm and peaceful mood in his novel Pickwick Papers: "The river, reflecting the clear blue of the sky, glistened and sparkled as it flowed noiselessly on."
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