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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
American Revolution: Lexington to Trenton
Terms in this set (33)
A patriot who helped warn colonists about British movements
Commander of the Continental Army
Committe of Five
Developed the main draft of the Declaration of Independence
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Dawes, Revere, Prescott
Midnight Riders warning of a British attack on Lexington/Concord
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The first military engagement of the Revolutionary War. It occurred on April 19, 1775, when British soldiers fired into a much smaller body of minutemen on Lexington green.
Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)
First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
Battle of Dorchester Heights
Battle where the Patriots lined canons up on a hill and forced the British to leave Boston
New York Campaign (1776)
Series of battles to take control of New York. British take over New York forcing Washington and his men to retreat to Pennsylvania.
River in eastern New York that flows into the Atlantic Ocean: Major piece of Great Britain's plan to separate the colonies in half
Crossing the Delaware River
Christmas 1776, Washington led the Americans to a surprise attack and victory over the British and their Hessian mercenaries at Trenton, New Jersey
Battle of Trenton
The Americans surprised the Hessian troops guarding Trenton and took most of them prisoner; the Americans won. Important victory to raise morale and convince men to reenlist.
The American Crisis
An essay by Thomas Paine read by George Washington to his troops shortly before crossing the Delaware River.
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
Battle of Second Trenton
Washington and his men hold off the British and sneak out at night after a day of fighting to attack Princeton
Battle of Princeton
A week after the Battle at Trenton, Washington left a few men to tend some campfires and fool the enemy again. He quietly marched his army to Princeton, where they surprised and beat a British force. New Jersey turned Patriot. This battle helped the American morale.
Victory at Princeton
Following this important victory Washington took his men to rest at a place called Morristown rather than pursue the enemy. Many men were sick and dying from SMALLPOX
Silent killer of the American Revolution that killed way more men than bullets.
Hessian leader at the Battle of Trenton in 1776. Ignored warnings given to him by scouts that the Continental Army was preparing to attack.
German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.
Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
Only state to not vote in favor of the Declaration of Independence
New York - They abstained.
Painted "Washington Crossing the Delaware" to raise feelings of Patriotism and bring the country together which was much needed in 1850
How much money does Washington pay his men to reenlist for one more month's service?
$10 in coin and appeals to their Patriotism
British commander-in-chief of all forces in the Revolutionary War.
Site of Battle of 2nd Trenton - Washington holds off 3 British attacks and out flanks them during the night
Why did the British march 700 troops to Concord in April 1775?
To capture the ammunition that the Continental Army was hiding there.
Battle of Long Island (1776)
Battle for the control of New York. British troops overwhelmed the colonial militias and retained control of the city for most of the war.
George Washington's nickname given to him by British troops
Battle of Manhattan
Great Britain victory, using the power of it's Navy - Washington's army escaped from Long Island to Manhattan and then to Fort Washington before retreating to safety in Pennsylvania.
Declaration of Independence
86 edits were made on July 2, before being finalized and signed on July 4, 1776
Summer soldier and sunshine patriot
Quote from Thomas Paine's The Crisis encouraging Patriots not to give up the fight; that this fight will be hard and not easy and sacrifices will be needed
George Washington's friend who was in charge of moving the artillery taken from Fort Ticonderoga and eventually became chief of artillery in the Continental Army.
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