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World Geography Mid-Term Exam Review
Terms in this set (55)
The Sahara Desert
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
a strip of land that divides the desert from wetter areas
The expansion of countries into other countries where they establish settlements and control the people
A society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes
The Nile River
The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
The Malian Empire
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century. It was famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade. Founded by Sundiata and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa. Had many profound cultural influences on West Africa, allowing the spread of its language, laws, and customs along the Niger River. It covered a large area and consisted of numerous vassal provinces.
New states emerged on the edge of expanding empires. As the British expanded their South African colony, the ____ Kingdom came into being, led by a man named Shaka.
Also known as Afrikaners, the sector of the white population of South Africa that was descended from early Dutch settlers.
Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
The Scramble for Africa
Sudden wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in the 1880s and 1890s. Britain obtained most of eastern Africa, France most of northwestern Africa. Other countries (Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, and Spain) acquired lesser amounts.
Bantu language with Arabic loanwords spoken in coastal regions of East Africa.
the first Black president of South Africa (1994 - 1999) after being imprisoned for 27 years for fighting against apartheid
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior.
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