ITF Chapter 1 Terms
Terms in this set (20)
A system with a 32-bit central processing unit (CPU). A 32-bit computer can address up to 4 gigabytes (GB) of random access memory (RAM). A 32-bit computer is also designated as x86.
A system with a 64-bit CPU. The amount of RAM a 64-bit computer can address is limited by the computer's motherboard, but is generally from 8 to 192 GB. A 64-bit computer is also designated as x64.
The process of verifying that a copy of Windows is genuine and that it is not in use on other computers other than the number for which the user owns a license.
Being able to run mostly error free in a certain operating system. The Windows 7 Compatibility Center and the Windows 7 Application Compatibility List for IT Professionals can help users identify and resolve application compatibility issues with Windows 7.
From a computing perspective, the Internet or a server accessible over the Internet.
A Windows 7 installation option that replaces the current version of Windows with Windows 7 but overwrites the user's files, settings, and programs. Also referred to as a "clean" installation.
High Touch Installation (HTI)
An operating system installation method in which you use an installation DVD or USB drive and manually install the operating system on every computer. You must then also manually configure each system. HTI may include retail media or a standard image (ISO file).
An exact replica of a computer system.
Lite Touch Installation (LTI)
An operating system installation method that requires some human intervention in the early phase of the installation but is automated (or unattended) from that point on.
A unique, alphanumeric code required by many software programs during installation. The purpose of a product key is to help avoid illegal product installations. Also called the product identification key or CD key.
A type of Windows 7 installation that replaces the current version of Windows with Windows 7 while retaining the user's files, settings, and programs. Also called an "in-place" installation.
In the context of operating systems, the options for upgrading from one operating system to another. For example, there are two primary choices when upgrading to Windows 7 from Windows Vista: a standard upgrade or a custom installation.
A PC desktop operating system that is much improved over Windows Vista and Windows XP. Windows 7 is faster and easier to install and set up, it's more stable, and it has improved Start menu search functionality, and lots more. Windows 7 includes some unique features such as large and animated task thumbnails, homegroups, Jump Lists, libraries, and Windows XP Mode.
Windows 7 Home Premium
The edition that contains features aimed at the home market segment, such as Windows Aero, Windows Media Center, Remote Media Streaming, Internet TV, Backup and Restore, and multi-touch support. Windows 7 Home Premium provides adequate networking and security features to be useful in very small office environments.
Windows 7 Professional
The edition that's targeted mainly toward small business users but appeals to power users as well. Windows 7 Professional includes all the features of Windows 7 Home Premium and adds the ability to join a Windows domain. Additional features include location-aware printing, acting as a Remote Desktop host (especially useful for tech support), Encrypting File System, and Windows XP Mode.
Windows 7 Ultimate
The edition that contains all of the same features as Windows 7 Home Premium and Windows 7 Professional, and includes the security applications such as BitLocker and AppLocker.
Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor
A utility that helps you determine if a computer can run Windows 7, which editions and features will work, and whether the computer has any compatibility issues.
Windows Deployment Services
A server role for Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 that allows a user to press the F12 key, log on, and select an image for installation. After that, the installation can be automated.
Window Easy Transfer
A utility that enables a user to save files and settings on an external hard drive, and then "transfer" them to a new installation of Windows 7.
Zero Touch Installation (ZTI)
A fully automated, "touchless" method of installing Windows. An administrator uses System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) to deploy and update servers, client computers, and all kinds of devices on a network.