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U. S. History Fall Exam Review
Terms in this set (50)
Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge reservation change?
White settlers began wanting the land on the plains
What was the name of the land act that encouraged white families to develop the West?
What invention was most responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide-open western frontier?
What was bimetallism?
Issuing paper money for either gold or silver
The election of William McKinley put an end to what political party?
Government regulation was discouraged by this scientific theory?
What steel making process made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s?
Why was Credit Mobilier created?
steal railroad money for its shareholders
A wealth of natural resources, government support for business, and a growing urban population contributed to what event in the early 1900s?
What act outlawed the formation of trusts that interferes with free trade?
The Sherman Antitrust Act
What is vertical integration?
buying out raw material producers and distributors
What was the main immigration station in New York Harbor
What act decreased Chinese immigration to the United States for 60 years
chinese exclusion act
What was the name of the movement that assimilated people of various cultures into one dominant culture
What was the name of New York City's famous democratic political machine?
The Pendleton Civil Service Act requires applicants for government jobs to
What agreement decreased Japanese immigration to the U. S.
What was the main interest of the Social Gospel movement?
What did the political machine want from the new immigrants?
laws that separated the races
Jim Crow Laws
Who's expressed the belief that racism would end as blacks acquired practical work skills and proved their economic value to society?
Booker T. Washington
What were the goals of the progressive movement?
protecting social welfare, creating economic reform, fostering efficiency
What was a muckraker?
A bill that originates from the people rather than legislators is known as
Which group got left out of the reform movement?
What organization did Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cary Stanton form in 1890?
National American Women's Suffrage Association
In what book did Upton Sinclair expose the unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry?
Equality among the races, was the goal of what organization?
What event allowed the Democrats to win the Presidential election of 1912?
Roosevelt and Taft split the Republican Party
Who gained most from the ratification of the 17th Amendment?
Which groups goal was to eliminate the use of alcohol in society?
Who earned the name Trustbuster, because he broke up trusts that were harmful to the public interest?
Who earned the reputation as a conservation president, because he set aside thousands of acres to be used for national parks?
What amendment was created replace revenue lost by enacting lower tariffs?
What government agency was created to stop unfair business practices?
Federal Trade Commission
Thirst for new economic markets, desire for military strength, belief in the cultural superiority of the Anglo-Saxon culture led to U.S.
For which action did Theodore Roosevelt win the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize?
Negotiating a peace treaty between Russia and Japan
The U. S. military was not involved in this war that President Roosevelt negotiated peace for.
What amendment did the united states insist that cuba include in its construction?
What was included in the de Lome letter?
criticisms of President McKinley
What war ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1898?
Who suggested destroying American-owned property in Cuba in order to provoke U.S. intervention?
Which countries came under some form of U. S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War?
Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, & Guam
General John J. Pershing led a force of fifteen thousand soldiers in an attempt to capture
What rebellion started when Chinese revolutionaries wanted to remove foreign influence from China?
How did the U.S. gain control of the land it needed to build the Panama Canal?
Supporting Panamanian independence
What policy helped the U.S. trade with China alongside other imperialistic countries?
Open Door Policy
The proverb "Speak softly and carry a big stick"
means negotiations were always backed by the threat of military force
Who overthrew Queen Liliuokalani in Hawaii after the King died?
American businessmen with the help of the marines
Who was known as the hero of San Juan Hill?
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