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Chapter 2 Psych Quiz
Terms in this set (39)
Since Norma is a split-brain patient, we can infer that she likely has a history of ________.
Involuntary muscles are controlled by the ________ nervous system.
Which of the following coordinates involuntary rapid fine-motor movement?
Neurons that carry information from the senses to the spinal cord are called ___________.
Isabella is putting mustard on her hot dog. She realizes she has put too much and sucks up some of it back into the squeeze bottle. This process is similar to
Which of the following regions contains the auditory cortex?
The part of the autonomic nervous system that is responsible for reacting to stressful events and bodily arousal is called the ______________ nervous system.
The ________________ is a structure in the brain stem that plays a role in sleep, dreaming, left-right body coordination, and arousal.
Which of the following is responsible for the ability to selectively attend to certain kinds of information in one's surroundings and become alert to changes?
A cell in the human nervous system whose primary function is to provide insulation and structure for neurons on which they may develop and work is called a(n) _________.
Which part of the brain is very small but extremely powerful and controls the pituitary gland?
Which part of the neuron is responsible for maintaining the life of the cell?
What part of the brain acts as a relay station for incoming sensory information?
Which of the following is a long bundle of neurons that functions as a carrier of messages from the body to the brain and from the brain to the body and is responsible for certain reflexes?
The branch of the autonomic nervous system that restores the body to normal functioning after arousal and is responsible for day-to-day functioning of the organs and glands is called the_________________.
parasympathetic nervous system
Joella was rollerblading when a cat jumped right in front of her causing her to trip and fall. When she fell, she partially landed on the front side of her head near her forehead. Shortly afterwards, Joella exhibited symptoms similar to that of Phineas Gage. Which lobe would have been most affected by this fall?
The nervous system is defined as____________________.
a complex network of cells that carries information to and from all parts of the body
The division of the nervous system that allows the brain and the spinal cord to communicate with the sensory systems of the eyes, ears, skin, and mouth, and allows the brain and spinal cord to control the muscles and glands of the body is called the ______.
peripheral nervous system
A brain-imaging method using radio waves and magnetic fields of the body to produce detailed images of the brain is called ______________.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
_________ receive messages from other neurons and _____________send messages to other neurons.
A specialized cell that makes up the nervous system that receives and sends messages within that system is called a _________.
Which of the following is a function of the right hemisphere?
perception, expression of emotion, and recognition of patterns
The hormone released by the pineal gland that reduces body temperature and prepares you for sleep is ______.
Hormones are chemicals that are secreted and go directly into ________.
Pain-controlling chemicals in the body are called ______.
The sex glands, which secrete hormones that regulate sexual development and behavior as well as reproduction, are called_________.
Andy has decided to seek medical help for mood disturbances and appetite problems. Which neurotransmitter is most likely involved in the problems Andy is experiencing?
Tim is overweight. His physician has decided to test him to see if there is a problem with the regulation of his metabolism. Which endocrine gland will be the focus of diagnostic testing?
Which of the following is true about myelin?
It's a fatty substance.
The ________ is the part of the brain responsible for the formation of long-term memories.
______ plays a critical role as a neurotransmitter that stimulates muscles to contract.
Which is not a specific function of the left hemisphere of the brain?
The subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that is made up of all nerves carrying messages from the senses to the central nervous system and all nerves carrying messages from the central nervous system to skeletal muscles is called the _________.
somatic nervous system
The term "fire" when referring to neural transmission indicates that a neuron:
has received, in its dendrites, appropriate inputs from other neurons.
The _______________ is a structure in the brain stem responsible for life-sustaining functions, such as breathing and heart rate.
Which of the following is the section of the brain located at the rear and bottom of each cerebral hemisphere and contains the visual centers of the brain?
The central nervous system consists of ______.
the brain and spinal cord
Which of the following regions contains the somatosensory cortex?
Which of the following brain structures is located near the hippocampus and is responsible for fear responses and memory of fear?
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