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6th Grade 2019 Fall Semester Test
Terms in this set (84)
The ability to do work or cause change is called
Energy is measured in units called
What type of energy does a spinning turbine have?
An example of something that stores chemical energy is
chemical energy into thermal energy
What type of energy transformation is taking place when natural gas is used to heat water?
Is a rolling bowling ball an example of potential or kinetic energy?
gravitational potential energy
Potential energy that depends on height is called
The rate at which energy is transferred is called
Add its kinetic and potential energies
How would you calculate an object's mechanical energy?
Energy stored in the nucleus of an atom is called
The energy associated with motion is called
Unlike kinetic energy, potential energy is
Visible light is an example of
all forms of energy can be transformed into other forms
Moving water can be used to produce electricity because
A change from one form of energy into another is called
mechanical energy into thermal energy
When you rub your hands together on a cold day, you use friction to transform
no energy is destroyed in the process
The law of conservation of energy states that when one form of energy is transformed to another,
new evidence or new interpretations
Scientific knowledge changes with
During an experiment, which factors must be controlled so that researchers can draw a logical conclusion from the experiment?
ask your teacher to explain
When preparing for a laboratory investigation, if any of the directions are unclear you should
Which state of matter undergoes changes in volume most easily?
The change from liquid to solid, or the reverse of melting, is called
vaporization, then condensation
An uncovered pot of soup is simmering on a stove, and there are water droplets on the wall above the back of the stove. What sequence (in changes of state) can you infer has occurred?
In cold climates, the amount of snow on the ground may decrease even if the temperature stays below zero degrees Celsius. The process that best explains this event is
The state of matter in which particles are arranged in either a crystalline or an amorphous form is
greater the pressure
The greater the speed of gas particles in a container, the
The resistance of a liquid to flowing is its
In which state of matter are the particles free to move around one another but still touch?
In which state of matter do the particles spread apart and fill all the space available to them?
In which change of state does a solid turn directly into a gas?
The freezing point of water is the same as its
In which change of state does a liquid becoming a gas?
The opposite of vaporization is called
In which state of matter are particles packed tightly together in fixed positions?
Using one or more of your senses to gather information is called
Explaining or interpreting the things you observe based on reasoning from what you already know is called
A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question is called a(n)
In a scientific experiment, facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations are called
Observations that deal with a number or amount are called
One useful tool that may help a scientist interpret data by revealing unexpected patterns is a
A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results is called a scientific
Observations that deal with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers are called
Making a statement or claim about what will happen in the future based on past experience or evidence is called
When scientists create a representation of a complex process, they are
In science, a hypothesis must be
During an experiment, if you purposely change the temperature to test a hypothesis, the temperature is called the
The factor that may change in response to the manipulated variable is called the
In a scientific experiment, the responding variable can also be called the
An organized way to collect and record scientific observations is using a(n)
A summary of what you have learned from a scientific experiment is called a(n)
Which stage of the scientific process enables a scientist to check the work of other scientists?
A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions is a
A large truck and a small car are moving at the same speed. The truck has greater kinetic energy because its ____________________ is greater.
To maintain your body temperature, your body converts chemical potential energy into ____________________ energy.
As water runs over a waterfall, its potential energy is converted into ____________________ energy.
conservation of energy
The law of ______________________________ states that energy cannot be created or destroyed.
Power is the rate at which ____________________ is transferred from one object to another.
Work is the transfer of ____________________ from one object to another.
A baseball flying through the air has ____________________ energy because of its motion.
If an object has mechanical energy, it can do ____________________ on another object.
Mechanical energy is associated with the ____________________ and motion of an object.
____________________ energy, such as ultraviolet radiation, travels in the form of waves.
The form of energy carried by moving charges is called ____________________ energy.
An electric motor transforms electrical energy to ____________________ energy.
The state of matter in which particles are arranged in the least organized manner is the ____________________ state.
When a substance cools, it loses ____________________ energy to its surroundings.
Sublimation is the change of a solid directly into a(n) ____________________.
A liquid's resistance to flowing is called ___________________.
____________________ occurs when a liquid changes to a gas below its surface as well as at the surface.
The common state of matter that does not have a definite shape or a definite volume is a(n) ____________________.
The resistance of a liquid to flowing is called ____________________.
A shrinking puddle is an example of ____________________, or vaporization that takes place only on the surface of a liquid.
____________________ occurs when particles in a gas lose enough thermal energy to form a liquid.
The specific temperature at which a pure solid changes to a liquid is its ____________________ point.
No more energy can be removed from matter at
The movement of thermal energy from a warmer object to a cooler object is called
The transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves is called
Heat transfer occurs only from warm object to colder ones (True or False)
A material that conducts heat poorly is called a(n)
As the thermal energy of matter increases, its particles usually spread out, causing
Heated air moves from baseboard heaters to the rest of a room in a process called
Which of these is a good conductor?
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the individual particles in an object is called
Heat is transferred from one particle of matter to another without the movement of matter itself in a process called
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