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Government Final Review
Terms in this set (129)
Plessy v. Ferguson
what doctrine is involved with "separate but equal"
Writ. of Cert.
the Rule of 4 grants....
last of 3 basic stages in federal budget process?
The National Security Act
what is the act that created DOD, CIA, and NSC?
city's boundaries, city's constitution, city's basic laws
the city charter is pretty much...
which article of the Constitution created the judicial branch?
Outlawed poll tax
what did the 24th Amendment do?
which federalist paper advocated for checks and balances?
how many amendments are there in the Constitution?
what is the oldest form of media?
which article of the Constitution created the executive branch?
outside of Washington, D.C.
where do most bureaucrats work?
power of recognition
what is foreign affairs power of the president?
authority of a court to review decisions lower courts
power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
Katz v. US
which court case states that you do need a warrant to wiretap?
voting age to 18
what is the 26th amendment?
women can vote
what is the 19th amendment?
colored people can vote
what is the 15th amendment?
where can you find the key functions of the U.S.?
which space shuttle exploded in the 2000s?
form of gov.- "few over many"
how many counties are there in Texas?
how many representative are there in the House of Representatives?
how many representatives are there in the Senate?
what is the primary that is only for voters registered for that political party?
Citizens United v. FEC
what was the court case ruled on BCRA/McCain- Feingold Act?
which amendment has the exclusionary rule?
McColluch v. Maryland
which court case involves the elastic/necessary and proper clause?
can you have more than 1 residence listed to be an eligible voter?
system of government where the chief executive is chosen by legislature
where is the equal protection clause found?
who was one of the main anti-federalists?
form of government where 1 person holds unlimited political control
who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
far left on political spectrum?
far right on political spectrum?
what was the hurricane in New Orleans (2005)?
congressional districting by state's legislature that benefits one party
another term for cabinet departments
U.S. v. Nixon
what is the court case that limited executive privilege?
another term for federal U.S. court of appeals
how many circuit/appellate courts?
how many district courts?
"taking a bill to death"
how many amendments are part of the Bill of Rights?
law of the soil is
total cabinet departments?
Marbury v. Madison
what is the case that established judicial review?
not role of Pres.
New York Times
prior restraint and gov. censorship of Pentagon Papers?
population, territory, sovereignty, government
4 characteristics of a state
who wrote the majority opinion of Brown v. Board of Education?
scientific polling group
New Jersey Plan
which plan from constitutional convention favored small states?
States that federal law is the highest in the land, Constitution ranks above all other forms of law in the U.S.
when was the constitution written?
where is the 5th circuit court?
communism, socialism, liberalism, moderate, conservatism, libertarianism, fascism
political spectrum (left to right)
- In Senate, States would be represented equally
- In House, representation of each state would be based on population
Q= "Should enslaved individuals be counted in figuring the populations of the States?"
- only 3/5 of AA's were counted- "three fifths of all other persons
"- only counting roughly 60% of AA population
centralized government that creates local units of government
the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments
an alliance of independent states; has the power to handle only those matters that the member states have assigned to it
- favored ratification of the Constitution
- believed that only a stronger national government can overcome the difficulties that Republicans face
- Liberties that could be included in the Bill of Rights were already covered in State Constitutions
- opposed ratification of the Constitution
- believed that the States would no longer have power to print money
- the national government would be given too much power
- there needed to be a Bill of Rights to clearly define their rights
religion, speech, press, assembly, petition
what are the five protections of the first amendment?
amendment- right to bear arms
amendment that prohibits quartering of troops
unreasonable search and seizure
right against self incrimination, right to double jeopardy
amendment that guarantees legal counsel and lawyer
amendment- right to trial by jury
amendment- cruel and unusual punishment
amendment that addresses rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution
amendment states that the federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the Constitution
civil liberties protect citizens from the
civil rights protect citizens from the
1st amendment- you can't have a state-sponsored, state-established religion
- Engel v. Vitale
- Lemon v. Kurtzman
- Tinker v. Des Moines ISD
- New York Times Co. v. U.S.
Free Exercise Clause
1st amendment- Congress can't prohibit the free expression of religion
- Wisconsin v. Yoder
Clear and Present Danger Doctrine
1st amendment- You can't say things that incite violence
- Schenck v. U.S.
4th amendment- evidence obtained unlawfully can't be used in trial
- Mapp v. Ohio
- Olmstead v. U.S.
- Katz v. U.S.
Due Process Clause
14th amendment- extends the 5th amend.'s right to due process (fair treatment in justice system) to the states
- McDonald v. Chicago
- Lawrence v. Texas
Equal Protection Clause
14th amendment- the laws of the state must treat an individual in the same manner as other people in similar conditions or circumstances
- Plessy v. Ferguson
- Brown v. Board of Education
- Roe v. Wade
- Article I- Congress has the power to "regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the several states, and with Indian tribes
- Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S.
Necessary and Proper Clause
states that Congress, in addition to its express powers, has the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out all powers the Constitution vests in the national government
is the branch and system of federal courts and judges that interprets laws made by the legislative branch and enforced by the executive branch
the branch of government that makes the laws
the branch of government that carries out laws
the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, also known as the McCain-Feingold Act - passed in 2002, BCRA is an amendment to the Federal Election Campaign Act - the two key aspects of the BCRA include banning the spending of soft money and the placing of limits on campaign advertisements
Federal Employees compensation Act. - Provides workers compensation to civilian federal employees.
1. coordination 2. administer a functional area
goals of a bureaucracy
role is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of each member's respective office
ex: Department of Homeland Security
An organization of people who share a common interest and work together to protect and promote that interest by influencing the government
a large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization.
Maintaining internal law and order
Keeping the country safe
Managing foreign affairs
functions of a bureaucracy
1. Division of labor
2. Hierarchy of Authority
3. Framework of Rules
5. Formal Selection
Max Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy
Gibbons v. Ogden
case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, encompassed the power to regulate navigation
powers that belong to the federal gov. because they are a sovereign state in the world community
powers stated in the constitution
powers not stated in the Constitution
standing, select, joint, conference
the law of the blood
the legal process by which citizens of one country become citizens of another at some time after birth
civil and criminal
TX has 2 different cases
1. Define the Universe 2. Construct a sample 3. Prepare valid questions 4. Conduct interviews 5. Report polling findings and interpret results
scientific polling steps
provided at public expense, lists candidates, presented @ polls, marked in secret
strong candidate at the top of ballot attracting voters for others
how many votes are in the electoral college and how many of them must be won over to be president?
an unofficial ballot conducted as a test of opinion
time zone fallout
Discourages western people from voting because media projects a winner before they have a chance to vote.
the President's power to execute laws, recommend legislation, and veto are examples of his
the President's power to negotiate treaties, executing executive agreements and exerting power of recognition are examples of his
proposing an amendment requires ___ of votes
ratifying an amendment requires __ of votes
Congress may override any veto by a majority in each house
1. breaks tie in Senate 2. counts electoral votes
2 main roles of the VP:
elections that usually see the president's party lose seats in Congress, and also frequently see the president's intraparty opponents gain control of one or both houses of Congress.
a regular election of candidates for office, as opposed to a primary election
may include sanitation (both sewer and refuse), water, streets, the public library, schools, food inspection, fire department, police, ambulance, and other health department issues and transportation
natural rights, popular sovereignty, republicanism, social contract
American government characteristics:
features an elected mayor and elected council
commissioners are popularly elected and they form the city
a form of city government where the voters elect a mayor and council, which in turn, hires a city manager
all property is publicly owned and wealth is divided among individuals equally. a stress on "internationalism"
the community should regulate the means of production (factories, offices, etc.) high levels of government involvement
minimal state intervention and issues should be settle among citizens
a stress on "nationalism". flexibility in terms of economic policies
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