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US history semester test guild.
Terms in this set (38)
Know the 10th Amendment and which events, so far, it deals with
-The 10th amendment is "reserves power to the states"
-McCulloch V. Maryland
-Nullification crisis(tariff of 1828/abomination)
Know Marbury v. Madison
-John Adams tried to get other people's jobs before he left the office.
-the angry appointees sued for the abomination of their jobs in the supreme court.
-impact: Established the "judicial review" the ability for courts to interpret the constitution.
-Rulling stated that federal courts determine the constitutional law (judicial review)
Know about the Nullification Crisis
-The federal government passes the tariff of 1828(abomination.
-southerners didn't like, south Carolina threatened to secede; Tariff is reduced.
Know how geography influenced Boston, New York, and New Orleans
-they are all port cities; natural harbors to access to markets
Know what events took place during the Revolutionary Era/period
-the proclamation of, 1763.
-stamp act, 1765
-boston massare, 1770
-the boston tea party,1773
- the intolerable acts,1774
-the first conventional congress,1774
-lexingion and concord,1775
Know who Patrick Henry is
-Former Governor of Virginia
- antifederalist that believed in states' rights and refused to sign the constitution unless it had the bill of rights.
Know the significance of the Mayflower Compact
-Established a form of self-government in the English colonies.
Know the Great Compromise
-New jersey plan:
A small state plan, one house, each state would have an equal representation, similar to articles of confederation.
A Large state plan, two houses, a less powerful central government, more power for bigger states.
3 branch government, strong national government, each state gets two representatives.
Know the 6th amendment and what jury duty is
-right to speedy and public trial
-jury duty: the obligation to act or a period of acting as a member of a jury in court.
Know what Due Process is
-a course of formal proceedings(such as legal proceedings) carried out regularly and in accordance and established rules and principals
-Speed trail -) No illegal search and seizure -) protection from cruel and unusual punishments.
Know what the Northwest Ordinance was
-solved the conflict of the colonies expanding westward at the end of the revolutionary war, also set how territories would become states.
Know what the free-enterprise system5656565 is
-freedom of privilege business to organize and operate for profit in a competitive system without interference by government beyond regulation necessary to protect the public interest and keep the national economy in balance.
-post-war of 1812 people began to move westward to start a business and to farm
Know the first amendment
-Freedom of speech, press, assembly, religion, and petition
Know the Articles of Confederation (strengths and weaknesses)
-Strength: uses to finance the revolutionary war, create an army and navy, Nelogate the treaty of Paris, Create the northeast ordinance of 1787
-problems: Could not tax, was a loose friendship, weak central government.
Know who George Mason is
-an American patriot who participated in the American Revolution and the Constitutional Convention and who was influential in penning the Bill of Rights.
(Also, an anti-federalist who also believed in the states' rights, and refused to sigh constitution unless it had the bill of rights.)
Know about the Cherokee struggle under Jacksons in Cherokee v. Georgia
-There was gold found on their land and they had fertilized soil. They challenged
Geogerias ani-Cherokee law before the supreme court. Jackson would ignore the ruling, and force them off their land.
Know why Catholics immigrated to Maryland
Know how the plantation system influenced the economic development of the US
-It turned to the south into a major producer of cotton.
Know about Shays' Rebellion
-It challenged the articles of confederation and caused the federal government to be restructured.
Know who created the first political parties
--A political argument between Alexzander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.
Know how the principle of religious freedom was established in America
-Many different religions came to the Americas. Most notably: Roger Williams and Anne hutches created a colony that had religious freedom.
Know about the Proclamation of 1763
-It stopped western expansion; which colonists didn't like.
Know what the Era of Good Feeling is
-It was a renewed sense of nationalism.
Know the causes and effects of the War of 1812
- Causes: British impressment of sailors, British supporting Indians
- War starts; English goods decrease
- battle of new Orleans
- This caused growth in American industrialism.
Know about checks and balances
- Each branch has there own power, to keep each other in check and keep the government balanced. Congress can create a law, the president can veto it, congress can override it.
Know about the Declaration of Independence (especially the preamble)
- The preamble states that humans have certain rights
- Thomas Jefferson was chosen by congress to write it
-Written in July of 1776
Know who was the first president of the US and who appointed him
-George Washington; Continental Congress.
Know what problem the first president dealt with
-The U.S large depts from the revolutionary war
Know the reasons for establishing their own representative gov.
-Distance., need to Make new laws, traditional rights for Englishmen.
Know George Washington's view on foreign policy
-to not have foreign alliances.
Know the Monroe Doctrine
-European countries could not colonies the Americas or it could be war. The U.S would stay out of European affairs.
Know Hamilton's plan to improve the economy
-Fed. Gov assume states depts; create a national bank
Know which American colony was based mainly on shipbuilding and fishing
-New England colonies: Specifically Massachusetts
Know salutary neglect
-It is an American history term that refers to an unofficial and long-lasting 17th and 18th-century British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, meant to keep the American colonies obedient to England.
Know the three-fifths compromise
-Northen states: opposed slaves, favored counting slaves of determination taxation.
-southern states: Wanted slaves, opposed counting slaves for the purpose of counting taxation.
-⅗ compromise: They couldn't decide, but they ended up doing, for every 5 slaves would count as 3 people for taxation.
Know about the Spoil System
-The practice of a successful political party giving a public office to its supporters.
Know about the Election of 1824
-Andrew Jackson vs John Quincy Adams
-Jackon won the popular votes, but he didn't win at least 50% of the electoral college; therefore the house of representatives choose the president.
-In return, Adams made Clay his secretary.
-Jackson's supporters accused clay and Adams of making a corrupt bargain.
Know the physical characteristics of the American Colonies
-northern colonies: deeper harbors; cold, rocky soil, ships/fishing
-middle colonies: Rich farmland; Moderate climate, livestock, agriculture
-southern: Richfarmland; a warm climate; indigo, cotton, Tabacco
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