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Terms in this set (59)
Second Industrial Revolution
Steel, chemicals, electricity. This is the name for the new wave of more heavy industrialization starting around the 1860s.
Reasons for Imperialism
control, power, trade, money, cheap labor, help for other countries, access to natural resources, spread democracy, diversity, expansion
Also called economic imperialism, this is the domination of newly independent countries by foreign business interests that causes colonial-style economies to continue, which often caused monoculture (a country only producing one main export like sugar, oil, etc).
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
1823 - Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere and that any attempt at interference by a European power would be seen as a threat to the U.S. It also declared that a New World colony which has gained independence may not be recolonized by Europe.
(1846-1848) The war between the United States and Mexico in which the United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory.
US annexation of Hawaii
Age of American Imperialism
American imperialism is the economic, military and cultural philosophy which states that the United States, either directly or indirectly, affects and controls other countries or their policies. Such influence is often closely associated with expansion into foreign territories. 1898-1933
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States, it opened in 1915. Built by british west indians
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
US occupation of Philippines
US Occupation of Cuba
In order for the U.S. to create the Panama canal, they needed to have Columbia approve. Together on November 2, 1903, the U.S. and Panamanian revolutionaries revolted against Columbia, and Panama declared itself an independent country.
US occupation of Nicaragua
US Occupation of Haiti
U.S. Occupation of the Dominican Republic
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
Led a guerrilla resistance movement against U.S. occupation forces in Nicaragua; assassinated by Nicaraguan National Guard in 1934; became national hero and symbol of resistance to U.S. influence in Central America.
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region
Mexican revoltionary; he led the revolt against Porfirio Díaz in the south of Mexico during the Mexican Revolution
Wilson's 14 Points
Woodrow Wilson's plan for post-war peace: no secret treaties; freedom of the seas; removal of economic barriers; reduction of arms; adjust colonial claims
Tsar Nicholas II
Last Tsar of Russia and then end of the Romanov line. Was executed along with the rest of his family under the order of Lenin.
A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917
The overthrow of Russia's Provisional Government in the fall of 1917 by Lenin and his Bolshevik forces, made possible by the government's continuing defeat in the war, its failure to bring political reform, and a further decline in the conditions of everyday life.
Russian Civil War
1918-1920: conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies. Red vs. White Army.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Spanish Civil War
In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain after a coalition of Republicans, Socialists, and Communists was elected. General Francisco Franco led the rebellion. The revolt quickly became a civil war. The Soviet Union provided arms and advisers to the government forces while Germany and Italy sent tanks, airplanes, and soldiers to help Franco.
Spanish general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until his death
Russian and German non aggression agreement, not to attack each other, also, divide up Poland
Invasion of Poland 1939
Germans invaded Poland using blitzkreg.
Britain and France declared war and Canada a week later.
Started the 2nd World war
End of world war II
1945, Hitler kills himself
US and Europe
Asia, Africa, Latin America
(1893-1976) Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
The Long March
The 6,000-mile (9,600-kilometer) flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek.
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years.
CIA coup in Iran
1953, when the Iranian government did not comply with the massive Western companies controlling the oil in Iran, the CIA devised a rebellion to overthrow the Shah.
CIA coup in Guatemala
The US supported a coup in Guatemala as Arbenz looked to implement agrarian reform laws to take lands from large landowners and give it to the poor including taking land from the United Fruit Company
The US installed Castillo Armas into power
President of Guatemala
Cuban dictator overthrown by Fidel Castro. Originally a sergeant in the military. Very corrupt leader with mobsters during his reign --he was anti-communist, so the US supported him
Ernesto "Che" Guevara
Argentine revolutionary; aided Fidel Castro in overthrow of Fulgencio Batista regime in Cuba; died while directing guerrilla movement in Bolivia in 1967
Turns America against Batista
Cuban Revolutionaries take over
Jan 1, 1959
First 9 months of Castro's rule
Collectivizing land, cut rent, criminalizing racial discrimination
1961 Literacy Campaign
Upped literacy to 95%
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
the unity of all black Africans, regardless of national boundaries
Cold War (1945-1991)
A war of words and threats between the United States and the Soviet Union that was marked primarily by a political and economic, rather than military, struggle between the two nations.
War in Algeria
Algerian nationalists pursued guerilla warfare vs french rule
half a million french soldiers committed to the conflict
Algerian independence in 1962
The conference in which representatives from twenty-nine governments of Asian and African nations gathered in Bandung, Indonesia to discuss peace and the role of the Third World in the Cold War, economic development, and decolonization. The conference denounced colonialism in all its manifestations and said that all countries in attendance would not align with either communism (USSR) or capitalism (US)
He was the depression dictator in Guatemala. He was pro-American and on the lookout for communism
October Revolution 1944
Juan Jose Arevalo seizes unused land
1954 CIA coup in Guatemala
PBSuccess, psychological campaign to create sensation of instability
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