12 terms

community health ch18

occupational disease
an abnormal condition or disorder other than one resulting from an occupational injury caused by facore associated with employment
occupational injury
injury that result from exposure to a single incident in the work environment
scope of problem in US
each day 16 americans die from work related injuries
4.2million nonfatal injuries & illnesses per year
economic costs; 142 billion loss per year,of that
occupationtional safety and health act of 1970 (OSHAct)
purpose to ensure that employers in the private sector provide employees with a working environment free of recognized hazards that can cause death or serious harm
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHAct)
(OSHAct) -- Comprehensive federal legislation aimed at assuring safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
-- The federal agency located within the Department of Labor and created by the OSHAct that is charged with the responsibility of administering the provisions of the OSHAct.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) --
A research body within the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, that is responsible for developing and recommending occupational safety and health standards
unintenttional injury in work place
include both minor injuries (e.g. bruises,cuts) & major injuries
fatal injuries-16/day in US(fishing,hunting,mining)
nonfatal injuries3.5 million
types of occupational illness & disorders
noise induced hearing loss
Respiratory disorder
asbestosis ,poisoning
agent-host -emvironment
identify & evaluation of agents:
medical screening & care & health promotion
engineering control to provide safe area
protective devices
disease surveillance& environmental monitoring
employee assistance programs (EAPs)
that assist employees whose work performance suffers because of substance abuse or domestic, psychological, or social problems.
Worksite health promotion (WHP) programs
-- Workplace-based, employer-sponsored programs provided to employees and aimed at improving the health of employees through changes in behavior and lifestyle.