Climate and Climate change
Terms in this set (22)
The distance from the equator, measured in degrees
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precipitation in a particular region
angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
Mostly occur near oceans usually along the west coast of continents. Temperatures don't drop very far at night. Summers and winters are mild. Many recieve steady precipitation because of winds blowing off the ocean bring moisture to the atmosphere.
Occur in the interior of continents. Weather patterns vary in the different types of this climate. Large differences between daytime and nighttime temperatures because they lack the influence of nearby oceans -- winter months are typically much colder than summer months.
are river-like streams of water that move throughout the oceans. ocean currents transport heat from the tropics to the ploes deep cold currents transprot oxygen and nutriens to living things throughout the ocean.
Winds that are most commonly found in an area, For example, over most of Canada, the prevailing winds are westerlies , Two types are: Westerlies blow from west to east ; easterlies blow from east to west
Different areas of Earth reciev more direct sunlight because of
10 degrees north and south of equator. (between tropical cancer and tropical capricorn.) warm in that degree. Green (basically) rainfall almost everyday, hot humid climate. Average temperature about 80 year round, very humid daily.
two types of dry climates are desert and steppe climates; desert areas are dry with sparse plant life, little yearly rainfall, really hot days and really cool nights. Ex) Sahara desert in Africa; dry largely treeless grasslands that often border deserts are steppes, which have alittle more rain that deserts do
Lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants; lacking interest or feeling; lifeless and dull; uninterested, spiritless; having little or no liquid or moisture; extremely dry"
little precip. 16" a year, summers hot, winters mild- cold, sometimes produce snow, found in interior of continents or zones around deserts and contain some of the most productive agricultural lands in world
Temperate Marine Climates
The climate of some coastal region
Marine West Coast
found on the west coast of continents in upper middle latitudes; particularly nw Europe and N. America, sw South America, central southern S. Africa, Sw Australia, New Zealand
Sea winds provide moisture and moderate winter; land is hilly with mountains frequently plunging directly into sea. Growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, and tree crops are the main crops, while animals are grown under transhumance - kept on coastal plains in winter and moved to hills in the summer.
long pds. of summer heat & humidity; east coast of continents; subject to hurricanes in late summer & autumn; southeastern US & large areas of china; winters- mild to cool, depending on alt; very suitable for raising crops esp rice
has four varied seasons; avg precipitation varies. found in mid latitude interiors of Northern Hemisphere continents. humid continental climate, chilled air masses collide with tropical air masses, causing changing weather conditions. season lengths are determined by latitude.
weather pattern characterized by severely cold, bitter winters and short, cool summers
-Mean T of the warmest month is below 10°C (50°F)
-Year round cold
-Perpetual night (low sun angle leads to cold) - Precipitation is low
-often <25 cm (10 in)
But... Humid (because there is low evaporation)
found in Earth's polar regions; particularly Antarctica, Greenland, Arctic Basin Islands...freezing cold, snow and ice year round, precipation averages less than 10 in. annually....warmest temperatures do not reach higher than freezing
Know to be the coldest of all land biomes. It has terrible soil, and little precipitation. Plants have darker shades of color, and grow close to the ground. Include lichens, cottongrass, and small shrubs. Animals include bears, rodents, some birds, and fox. They either have thick fur or blubber, can blend in, or hibernate.
Temperature falls as altitude increases, so highland regions are colder than regions surrounding them