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FINAL: Ethical Leadership and Followership
Terms in this set (25)
Components of Ethical Behavior
Moral sensitivity (recognition)
is identifying the existence of ethical problems. We can't solve a moral problem unless we first recognize that one exists.
is deciding which course of action identified in the first component is the right one to follow.
refers to following through on choices. The desire to do the right thing generally comes into conflict with other values like security, wealth, and social acceptance.
Moral Character (Implementation)
is the implementation stage of the model. Opposition, fatigue, distractions, and other factors are formidable barriers to ethical action. Overcoming these obstacles takes persistence
Ethical challenges of leadership
information management - Leaders typically have access to more information than do follower.
responsibility- Followers are largely responsible for their own actions, but leaders are held accountable for the actions of others.
power- A leader must decide when to employ power, what types of power to use, and how much power she or he wishes to exert over followers.
privilege- Positions of leadership are associated with social and material rewards. Leaders may reap social benefits such as status, privilege, and respect, as well as material benefits such as high salaries and stock options.
loyalty- Leaders have to balance a variety of loyalties or duties when making decisions.
Kant's Categorical Imperative
an act is only ethical if it would be acceptable for everyone to do the same thing
idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
argued that ethical choices should be based on their consequences rather than on individual duty.
Justice as Fairness
the need to honor the equality of all citizens with the recognition that people differ in economic standing, status, and abilities. Ensure that all followers have the same equal right to basic liberties, guarantee that every individual has an equal chance to qualify for jobs and offices, and give priority to meeting the needs of disadvantaged groups
An ethical philosophy claiming that morality's primary function is to develop virtuous character.
makes concern for others the ultimate standard. Altruistic behavior is critical for leaders who must pursue group goals rather than selfish interests.
The most important virtues of followers
assume responsibility - Followers must be accountable both for themselves and for the organization as a whole.
serve - Courageous followers support their leaders through hard, often unglamorous, work.
challenge - Inappropriate behavior damages the relationship between leaders and followers and threatens the purpose of the organization.
participate in transformation - Negative behavior, when unchecked, often results in a leader's destruction. Yet overcoming ingrained habits and communication patterns is a long, difficult process.
leave- When leaders are unwilling to change, courageous followers may take principled action by resigning from the organization
ethical challenges of followership
1. Obligation - Followers are obligated to their leaders and their organizations, which provide them with paychecks, health insurance, friendships, training, meaningful work, and other benefits.
2. Obedience - Obeying orders and directives (even unpopular ones) is routine for followers.
3. Cynicism - Cynicism is a common trait of many followers, and it is easy to see why.
4. Dissent - Followers can't change policies, procedures, salary schedules, working conditions, and other factors themselves so they have to express their disagreement to those who can.
5. Bad news - Delivering bad news is risky. Followers who tell their leaders what they don't want to hear can incur their wrath and retribution.
someone who wants to remain in a follower role rather than to seek a leadership position
-reduces the likelihood of destructive competition and conflict and keeps the focus on organizational goals.
*more important than servant leadership because most people spend most of their time in follower roles and followers contribute more to organizational success
focuses on providing increased service to others—meeting the goals of both followers and the organization—rather than to oneself.
Puts their followers needs before anyone else.
Five elements of a small group
-a common purpose or goal
-interdependence - The success of any one member of the group depends on everyone doing his or her part
-mutual influence - Influence eachother
-specific size (3-20 people)
groups change and mature over time
a screen composed of terms through which humans perceive the world, and that direct attention away from some interpretations and toward others.
"focusing influence of language"
Stages of Group Development
2. Storming - marked by conflict as members express their individuality and may resist the formation of the group
3. Norming - Members begin to accept each other and develop norms or rules for interacting
4. Performing - focus on addressing the assignment. Group structure is set, members take on roles to complete the work and solutions emerge.
5. Adjourning - that incorporates completion of the task and the end of the group.
Groups and Teams
Groups - 2 or more people who share common interest.. Must meet share info, discuss and make decisions.
Teams - More intention, collection of people who work interdependently as a unit ( Could be a school project or paper)
the tolerance a person earns, over time, by conforming to group norms; if enough credits are earned, the person can, on occasion, deviate from the group without retribution.
Earned by conformity or competence.
Example if a long time leader will have more credit than a new leader telling followers of a specific group what to do.
Signs of Overconfidence: Illusion of invulnerability
Members are overly optimistic and prone to take extraordinary risks.
Signs of Belief in the inherent morality of the group
Participants ignore the ethical consequences of their actions and decisions.
groups that do this fail to consider all the alternatives, reexamine a course of action when it doesn't seem to be working, gather additional information, weigh the risks of their choices, work out contingency plans, or discuss important ethical issues.
the tendency of people to resist voicing their true thoughts or feelings in order to please others and avoid conflict
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