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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (26)
What is a dust bowl?
A dust bowl is, a period of severe dust storms that greatly damage the ecology and agriculture during the 1930's
Also known as the dirty thirties
Land that cannot be used for farming because of drought
What natural disasters may have contributed to the dust bowls
Clouds of dust
How does the dust bowls specifically affect farmers?
Loss of fertile top soil
Leaving the land vulnerable to drought and inhospitable to grow crops
Weren't able to grow crops, it led to no income
Why did the dust bowls cause a westward move?
The dustbowls were too dangerous
Looking for fresh top soil, to harvest
In search of new jobs
People had to leave their farms
From an economic perspective, how did WWI affect the US? Limit your answer here to "positive" or negative"?
It was affected because when the war started America was in a recession because America wasn't trading with many Countries. After the war we began to trade much more. Since men were at war there were less people working and women began to become more involved and independent.
How was it positive that WW1 affected the US
Positive: patrianisom- united the country. Many global monarchies were weaken or destroyed (Europe)
How was it negative that WW1 affected the US
Negative: unhealthy migration, people started to move around unhealthy. Social unrest bc if racism. Death of many American soldiers.
What was the economic perspective
we were part of winning the war. We did not have to pay reparations. Other nations owed billions to the US.
Losing countries of World War One had to pay
In a nutshell, what was the general mindset of Americans during the "Roaring Twenties? (before Oct 1929)
Consumer goods fueled the business boom of the 1920s as americans standard of living soared.
What is meant by the term "The Stock Market Crash of 1929"?
The stock market crash of 1929 devastated the US economy and was a key factor in beginning the great depression.
Economy is complete obliterated
Banks go out of business
Money being saved by the federal government didn't exsisting back then
Investments are lost
Savings are lost
Based on your brief research, why do you think many historians believe this crash marked the beginning of The Great Depression?
From one day to the next Americans lost all of their money which affected their daily lives in providing for their families, losing their jobs and homes, and paying for their businesses.
Unemployment was huge 1 in 4 people
How does The Great Depression cause a worldwide domino effect?
Struggles to pay war debts
Investments are very little and insignificant
Germany looses 25 percent of workforce because war
What specific dates mark the period called "The Great Depression"
September 4 1929
End of 1929
Black Tuesday October 29 1929 ended early to mid 1940's during World War Two
People wake up from one day to the next with nothing
Who were the American presidents during The Great Depression?
Franklin d Roosevelt
Only reason because he was elected was because there was Tvs in rooms and he was on a wheel chair
Brought this country together
Ruled before Roosevelt
What was the unemployment rate during The Great Depression?
Unemployment rate was 3.5 before the stock market and then rises to 16% few years after
Raises 25% around the time of mice and men 1937
How does this rate compare to today's unemployment rate?
How might life today be different if we had the same unemployment rate as the one during The Great Depression?
Many people would not have the jobs they have today
Stock market hit manhattan hard but the population has boomed
What was the purpose of the soup kitchens?
To give masses of people food, because no food to feed the families and the soup kitchens expanded across the world
Who were the main household providers during The Great Depression?
The woman cleaning and taking care of kids
Women stepped up and started to do many things
Started to do whatever they can to work and supply income
How did The Great Depression affect the self-esteem of these providers?
Women felt overworked
Women began to see that they can contribute so much more than what people thought
Start seeking education, leaving houses to seek war
How did The Great Depression affect women's roles?
Women had to deal with struggle of keeping up with the family, while men looked for work and maybe abandoned them
Why would certain problems such as alcoholism and domestic violence be on the rise during The Great Depression?
People couldn't find work and desparation of loss of money
What were some past-times people engaged in during The Great Depression?
Football and baseball
Going to the movies
What were some popular games during The Great Depression?
Why was this time period known as "The Golden Era of Hollywood?
Lots of new movies and genres
More than 80 people watched movies per week
Golden era of Hollywood
Escape to "lives" in movies
Who were some important authors during this period? Include pictures.
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