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Sports Med Final
Terms in this set (77)
Define Sports Med?
A broad field of medical practice related physical activity and sport
what are the two specialized areas of sports med?
Performance enhancer &injury care/management
Who was given the title of the "father of sports medicine"?
When did athletic training as we know it come into existence? What was the catalyst?
19th century; Enter collegiate athletes became popular.
The role of athletic trainer began to evolve rapidly after?
Why did the role of athletic trainer begin to evolve rapidly after World War I?
Because collegiate sports for introduced, and they desperately needed trainers.
Who is recognized as the first American athletic trainer?
What year and where the first American athletic trainer work?
1881, Worked at Harvard, Michigan, Columbia, Princeton, and Yale
Who wrote the first major text on athletic training?
Samuel E. Bilik
What year and what was the title called for the first major text on athletic training?
"Trainers Bible" in 1950's
What was Chuck Cramer known for?
He created His own liniment to treat his sprained ankle. Called the "First Aider"
Why was he important to the athletic training profession?
What does NATA letters stand for?
National Athletic Trainers Association
When was an effort made for the establishment of NATA?
1938 Was established, but failed due to the war.
When was the NATA officially formed?
lying face down
lying face up
Further away from the midline?
Closer to the midline than the other structure?
More in front than the other structure?
More in back than the other structure?
Closer to the head or higher?
Further away from the head or lower?
Limbs only, closer to the root of the limb?
Limbs only, further away than another structure?
What does infectious disease mean?
The invasion/infection of a host By pathogens is termed contagious
What two things do infectious diseases require?
An Agent & a Mode of transportation to the agent.
Define blood-borne pathogen's?
Viruses transmitted through contact with blood or other body fluids.
What are the blood-borne pathogen's we are most concerned about?
Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV
Define universal precautions
Develop to protect healthcare providers and patients.
What disease causes the need for universal precautions?
What is MRSA?
methicillin resistant staph aureus. It is super contagious like a skin rash or a little red bumps on the skin
How can MRSA be prevented in an athletic facility?
Cover wounds, clean and wash hands, and bleach mats floors and equipment
This wound tends to have smooth edges and resembles a surgical or Papercut.
This wound a region of injured tissue or skin and which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise.
This wound a piece of skin torn loose and is hanging from the body or completely removed?
This one is a cut skin with Jagged Edge is caused by force that separates the skin?
This wound usually deep, Nero wins in the skin such as a stab wound from a nail or knive?
ThisWound is the top layer of skin is remove with little or no blood?
What is the difference between dressing and a bandage?
Dressings =Band-Aids/gauze & bandage =wraps
Do you do if the dressing soaks through with blood?
You should change out dressing and apply pressure on the wound until stops bleeding
Where would athletes be at the most risk for contracting and infectious disease?
On their field of play.
What does ecchymosis mean?
Black and blue discoloration of the skin caused by hemorrhage also known as a bruise
What is crepitation?
Crackling sound her during the movement of a broken bone.
What is chronic injury?
Characterized by slow, insidious onset, implying a gradual development of structural damage developing overtime
What is contraindicate?
To advise against
What is effusion?
Swelling of a joint caused by accumulation of fluid in various spaces of the body; A frequent byproduct of injury
Calcium deposits that result from repeated trauma.
What is inflammation?
The body's reaction to injury; involves redness, swelling, heat, pain, and sometimes loss of function.
What's Acute Injury?
Characterized by rapid onset, resulting from a Trumatic event.
To advise of the use of.
An injury occurs when...?
A force or a chemical energy that changes the state of rest or uniform motion of matter.
What does Elasticity mean?
The property that allows tissue to return to normal after D formation.
What does stiffness mean?
The ability of a tissue to resist a load.
What does stress Mean?
Internal resistance to an external load
What does strain Mean?
Extent of deformation of a tissue under loading
What does deformation mean?
Change in shape of a tissue.
What does a plastic injury mean?
What does yield point mean?
Elastic limit of tissue
What does mechanical failure mean?
Exceeding that ability to withstand stress and strain, causing tissue to break down
Define this type of tissue loading-compression
Force with enough energy crushes tissue
Define this type of tissue loading-Tension
Force that pulls or stretches tissue
Define this type of tissue loading- bending
Occurs when two or three forces act opposite on a structure or cause it to bend.
Define this type of tissue loading- shearing?
A force that moves across the parallel organizations of a tissue
Define this type of tissue loading-torsion?
Caused by twisting in opposite directions from the opposite ends of the structure cause shear stress over the entire cross-section of that structure
What does HOPS stand for?
history, observation, palpation, special tests
How should the PT ask a patient appoint to the area of complaint?
What is the difference between active range of motion and passive range of motion?
Active is done by the athlete and passive is done by the healthcare provider
Where are the menisci located in relation to the tibia?
Central band of Cartlidge attached to the tibia
What is the MCL and the LCL's main function in the knee?
Control the front to the back motion of the knee.
The ACL and the PCL control the What motion of the knee?
Side to Side
What do the ACL in the PCL keep the tibia from doing?
Sliding too far forward
Why do the menisci heal slowly?
Because there is not a lot of blood supply which slows healing.
What is the strongest muscle of the shoulder?
Why does the 'empty can' special test look for?
used to diagnose shoulder injuries. Specifically, these physical examination maneuvers examine the integrity of the supraspinatus muscle and tendon.
What's another name for a AC sprain?
What are some main signs of someone has suffered a biceps rupture?
Divet in the arm/protruding bulge
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