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12 terms

Chapter 2

STUDY
PLAY
Reasonable Doubt
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt mean that it is not enought to prove it was more likely than not that an element of the crime was true . The proof must be such that a resonable person could not conclude the element was not true
Actus Rea
The criminal Act
Mens Rea
The criminal intent or state of mind
Model Penal Code (MPC)
Proposed criminal law developed by the American Law institute a group of lawyers, judges and teachers. Many states have modeled their criminal codes on the Model Penal Code
Specific Intent
The intent necessary for one or more elements of an offense murder for example requires the specific intent that the act be done intentionally or purposely
Scienter
A form of specific intent requiring a showing that the actor knew of the existence of certain facts. For example one can not be guitly of possession of stolen property if one deos not know property is stolen
Intent
The mental purpose or design to commit a specific act (or omission)
Motive
The causes, inducement, or reason why an act is committed
Strict Liability Crime
Crime that does not require proof of the mental element essential to true crimes
Proximate Cause
The ordinary and probable cause of a result
Presumption
A rule of law that the trier of fact shall assume the existence of a state of facts without evidence being produced. Presumptions are rebuttavble or irrebuttable
Inference
A conclusion or deduction that a jury or judge may draw from of fact or a group of facts presented to them