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Midterm for Biology II
Terms in this set (68)
The 4 major categories of tissues in the human body
nervous, epithelial, muscular and connective
Columnar tissue contains
goblet cells forsecreting mucus
mammary glands does not just only secrete milk but also a
portion of the secretory sales & is an example of apocrine gland
two types of fibers found in the connective tissue
are elastic & collagen
when looking into a microscope when you notice cells within lucuna
you are looking at cartilage
when looking through a microscope you notice large droplets of oil feeling most of the cell's Space
you are looking at adipose
Dense regular connective tissue is found in tendons
given them rope like strength in one direction
order for the layers a skin top to bottom
epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
Stratum basale is made of cells that is what?
Melanocytes protect the skin from
Your fingerprints are caused by
a layer of dermal papillae
vertebrae are found in
your axial skeleton
the patella is the example of a
the diaphysis is the
long, middle section of a long bone.
the tough layer of connective tissue surrounding the bone and allowing for attachment to tendons and ligaments are called
the medullary cavity of an eight-year-old boy's femur would likely be filled with
red bone marrow
the "little beams" that make up spongy bone are called
bone strength and hardness
you haven't been eating your vegetables or drinking milk. the calcium in your blood is there for?
What hormone will break down your bones to put calcium back into your blood?
Cartilaginous and fibrous joints are
immovable or slightly movable
Turning your head from side to side is using what joint?
Write a letter using these joints?
Saddle, ball & socket, hinge, pivot
Smooth muscle is found within your ____________, and used to move food through your esophagus, stomach, and ___________.
digestive system & intestines
skeletal muscles is ________ & used to control your __________ muscles.
striated & voluntary
A bundle of muscle fibers are called
What surrounds the entire muscle?
What engage to create a muscle contraction?
Actin and Myosin
What blocks the active site of actin filament?
Troponin & tropomyosin
a muscle fiber cannot contract until _________ rushes in from a nerve cell to remove the blocking molecules and make a _________ site available to be engaged.
calcium & active
when a myosin head engages with the active site of an another filament, it's known for a
ATP provides the energy for the
when your muscles are working strenuously and the glucose supply is exhausted, the muscle cells will begin to use the process of
The build-up of lactic acid in your cells makes your muscle what?
Your deltoid is connected by tendons to your?
clavicle, scapula, & humerus
Types of levers found in the body.
First-class levers, 2nd-class levers, and thrid-class lever
when you do sits-ups, your rectus abdominus is the _________ & the latissimus dorsi is the ________.
Prime mover & anatogonist
What components of blood found in highest quality (greatest %)
have Neclei and are therefore truly considered "cells"
How many O2 molecules can a single red blood cells carry at all the same time?
Mostly made of water
Plasma is ____ a formed element of the blood?
The process of hemostasis (forming a blood clot) is completed by
An individual with B+ blood means they have ____________ and _________.
B antigens & Rh positive
A person with type A blood needs a blood transfusion. What blood types are safe to provide to them?
A & O types are safe.
The pericardium around the heart is responsible for
Reducing friction around the heart
The human circulatory system has 2 loops. The _____ loop takes blood from the heart to the lungs and back.
Arteries are wide with thick walls to contain
high amounts of pressure
Blood passes from the body tissue through the _____ and into the ______ ________.
vena cava & right atrium
the major blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body is the
is an example oh hyposecretion because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
The pituitary gland is responsible for
stimulating growth in bones and muscles
the parathyroid and thyroid are responsible for
regulating the calcium levels within the blood
Beside true glands other body structures can secrete hormones like?
heart, skin and kidney
the afferent division of the nervous system is responsible for
sending signals from the eyes to the brain
During the transmission of an action potential across a synapse, Ca2+ channels open triggering the synaptic vesicles to release neurotransmitters to pass to the
the brain stem is comprised of
midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata
the outer layer of the cerebrum is made of gray matter. this is different then white matter because gray matter is made of
the synthetic division of the nervous system is responsible for fight or flight response in
you see a pencil and go pick it up. during this process the nerve impulse travels to your brain using the afferent division and then from your brain to your hand muscles using the
you put your hands on a hot stove and pull it back by reflex. this involves the
sensory division, cerebrum and motor division
Ruffini corpuscles are responsible for
the sensation felt when the skin is stretched
a fly lands on your arm. these types of touch receptors are involved in the sensation
free nerve endings, meissner's corpuscles, and Merkel's disks
the three bones of the middle ear vibrate in order to amplify sound waves coming from the ear canal
Incus, Staples, and malleus
Tissues layers of the eye include
sclera, choroid, and retina
glasses are required to correct someone's vision in order to make
the light rays correctly coverage of the retina
the optic nerve causes
a blind spot
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