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Terms in this set (14)
The Northern Expedition
Led by commander-in-chief Chiang Kai-Shek, it was a successful mission to defeat/co-opt the regional warlords in Northern China.
The New Life Movement
An attempt by Chiang Kai-Shek to create a cultural movement in China that would encourage discipline, intelligence, and loyalty to the government. It was unsuccessful.
The name of Japanese-occuped Manchuria, which quickly became an industrial epicenter.
The Long March
The year-long retreat by the Communists to escape the nationalists, in which many died or left; it has since become the most important founding myth of the Party.
The operating headquarters for the Communists during WWII, where military strategies were decided, regional politics developed, and communist culture flourished.
The War to Resist America and Aid Korea
"The Korean War" to Americans; fought by Chinese to aid Communist Korea. The PRC's first international conflict, which ended with a peace treaty splitting Korea.
The Great Leap Forward
Mao's economic policy to overtake the West and move closer to Communism by collectivizing work and utilizing the wealth of human labor to work harder. A total failure.
Military leader of the People's Liberation Army who compiled Mao's quotes into a "Little Red Book," which became standard reading for soldiers.
The Red Guards
A paramilitary social-action group made up of students and fueled by Mao to fight against anti-communism and relics of previous systems, often leading to violent anarchy.
A place in Beijing where students used the rhetoric and visual language of the Cultural Revolution to critique the Communist Party after Mao's death, famously demanding Chinese democracy
Special Economic Zones
Regions (usually on the coast) open to foreign investment and trade from Capitalist countries, typically leading to increased economic development for these regions.
The 1989 Demonstrations
A lengthy student-protest turned violent, held in Tiananmen Square demanding increased reforms/democracy.
Came to power following the Tiananmen Square protests, eventually made president of China; continued the legacy of opening, reform, and the "socialist market economy."
President of Taiwan who curried favor with the US, upset because he wanted independence and democracy for Taiwan but thought the US undermined this by warming their relations with China.
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