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HISTORY: Italian Periods
Terms in this set (83)
An ideology that believes that humans had been given the ability for rational thought to some meaningful end.
Weakening of the spiritual and political leadership of the Church.
Use of light and dark to create depth
Method of rendering a specific object or figure in a picture in depth
Giotto di Bondone
Often considered as the
founder of Renaissance painting
by breaking away from the Byzantine tradition of painting to naturalism, humanism and composition. Known as the first naturalistic painter of Italy.
First great painter of the Italian Renaissance. His frescoes are the earliest monuments of humanism and introduce a plasticity previously unseen in figure painting.
(Guido di Pietro da Mugello) A Dominican monk whose art was religious and characterized by luminous, gem-like colors. Work: The Annunciation
More concerned with physical beauty rather than insight or spiritual depth. Work: Madonna with babe and angels
Works drew from mythological inspirations. Work: Spring, The Birth of Venus, Primavera
Jan van Eyck
Most prominent painter of the early Renaissance style. Perfected painting with oil and varnish. Work: Worship of the Lamb, The Marriage
Sculptor known for sacred themes. Work: St. Mark, Gattamelata, David
Sculptor. Work: North and east doors of the Baptistry of San Giovanni
Brunelleschi. Octagonal design, double walled dome resting on a drum.
Ospedale Degli Innocenti
F. Brunelleschi. Giovanni Medici. Series of round arches supported by slender columns and framed by pilasters that carried flat horizontal entablature.
Rectangular window surmounted by a pediment
Brunelleschi and Michelezzo. Divided into storeys of decreasing heights by long, unbroken bands called string cornices.
Leon Batista Alberti
Pitti. Largest palace in Italy.
Style characterized by draftsmanship, the illusion of sculptural volume in painting and building, by the limitive use of whole orders and compositional rules after precepts of Vitruvius.
Leonardo da Vinci
Painter: Madonna of the Rocks
Modeling technique which consisted of blurring sharp outline
Works: Sistine chapel ceiling, The Holy Family (Doni Tondo), David, Pieta, The Deposition, The Last Judgment
Works: The School of Athens, The Marriage of the Virgins, Tempest, Sleeping Venus
Most famous Venetian renaissance painter. Works: Tempest, Sleeping Venus
Leader of the 16th century Venetian school of Italian Renaissance. Works: Assumption of the Virgin (Assunta), The Rape of Europa
"Leonardo of the North." Works: Apocalyps, St. Jerome in His Study, Four Apostles
Greatest Flemish painter known for landscapes and peasant scenes. Works: Peasant Wedding, Hunters in the Snow, The Blind Leading the Blind
High Renaissance landmark: by Donato Bramante. Marked the spot of St. Peter's crucifixion
High Renaissance landmark: Means small temple
High Renaissance landmark: by Michelangelo. Composed of the Palace of the Senate, the Conservatory, and the Capitoline Museum where the statue of Marcus Aurelius stood.
Exaggerated styles, striking visual effects characterized by elongated or over muscular figures set in extravagantly contorted panes.
"Il Furioso" because of his phenomenal energy in painting, dramatic use of perspective and special lighting effects. Master of mannerism.
Veronese, Titian, Tintoretto
Triumvirate of pre-eminent Venetian painters of the late Renaissance.
Mannerist painter known as a supreme colorist, illusionist decorations in fresco and oil, dramatic narrative cycles.
(Agnolo Bronzino) Cool, mannerist portraits. Work: Portrait of a Young Man
(Andrea Palladio) Italian regarded as the greatest architect of 16th century northern Italy. Works: Villa Rotonda, I quattro libri dell'architettura, Villa Capra
Characterized by asymmetrical compositions, powerful effects of movement, strong lighting in combination with dramatic interpretations. "Distorted pearl"
19th century Swiss historian, first to use the term baroque
Movement within the Catholic church to reform itself from Protestant attacks
Council of Trent
19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church convened as response to the reformation. Standardized the mass.
Processional sequence of increasingly rich interiors hat culminated in a presence chamber, throne room, or state bedroom.
Dramatic, realistic and chiaroscuro technique. Ordinary people as the figures in his religious work. Works: The Conversion of St. Paul, The Entombment of Christ
Rembrant van Rijn
Greatest genius of the Dutch school who painted portraits and scenes of genre and religious subjects. Artificial and unique technique of handling light and shadow. Works: Night Watch, Belshazzar's Feast
Artificial and unique technique of handling light and shadow.
Subjects focus on women and household chores. Works: Maidservant Pouring Milk.
Peter Paul Rubens
Greatest Flemish Baroque painter. Most prolific with about 2000 paintings.
Anthony van Dyck
Painter specialized in aristocratic portraiture with silken fabrics, fine laces and trimmings.
Intense and animated sculptures influenced by Michelangelo. Works: Ecstasy of St. Teresa, Fountain of Trevi, David, Scala Regia
Italian Baroque architect who designed churches: St. Carlino of Four Fountains and St. Yves at La Sapienza
A Theatine monk who settled in Turin, wrote the Architettura Civile and designed the Palazzo Carignano and St. Lorenzo
Designed the Superga and Stupingi Palace in Turin.
St Peters Basilica
Baldachino and piazza designed by Bernini, facade by Carlo Madera, dome by Michelangelo. Has 284 Tuscan columns, 88 Corinthian pilasters, 140 statues.
Barrel vaulted collonade, flight of steps to the Vatican built by Da Sangallo and restored by Bernini.
Fountain of Trevi
Largest Baroque fountain in Rome
S Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
By Borromini. Has daring architectural innovations that featured an alternation of concave and convex elements in the facade and a drum that supported an oval dome.
S Maria della Salute
A church designed by
in Venice. It is a vast octagonal building with two domes and a pair of picturesque bell towers at the back.
Giacoma Vignola. Mother church o the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). "Finest truly baroque facade."
Italian Renaissance: Marriage chest, often made in pairs
Italian Renaissance: Large cassone with back and arms to form a settee or sofa
Italian Renaissance: Sideboards surmounted by drawers intended for linen, dishes and silverware
Italian Renaissance: Armchair for men
Italian Renaissance: Light wooden chair for women. Had two trestles or splat support with stiff back.
Italian Renaissance: Similar to the sgabello, but had three splayed legs instead of two trestle supports.
Italian Renaissance: An x-shaped chair. Named after a monk.
Italian Renaissance: Has two transverse pairs of curved legs crossing beneath the seat and rising to support the arms and back.
letto or lettiera
Italian Renaissance: Bed with massive structure on a base. Has a canopy and a paneled footboard.
Italian Renaissance: Enameled earthenware pieces. Ware prepared by tin-glazing earthenware and firing it a second time. http://o.quizlet.com/NBgPuLaUV7J-GvzN7ezcNA.png
Lost was method for metal casting. Process by which a duplicate metal sculpture (often silver, gold, brass or bronze) is cast from an original sculpture
Intarsia, inlaid stone panels often mounted on ebony cabinet-on-stands
A small motif composed of columns or pilasters supporting a pediment; typically surrounds a niche or wall
A double window typically with either a rounded or lancet arch style top divided by a colonnete. Usually the windows were found to be mullioned.
man's study; located in major palaces. Where scientific experiments/alchemy were performed
Smooth or rough-cut blocks of stone with deeply cut joints; gives a rich textural appearance
Italian Baroque: Painted illusionist architecture
Images enclosed by illusionist framing
di sotto in su
"From below to above"
Painting showing an illusionistic view upward into a seeming dome, sky, or heaven.
Use of sharply contrasting light and dark; overall darker in quality
Humorous or critical portrait based on exaggeration
Moldings that project beyond the face of a panel
A medallion or coat of arms often decorating the ceiling
Small ivory inlay pattern in wood
Inlays sections of wood (at times with contrasting ivory or bone, or mother-of-pearl) within the solid stone matrix of floors and walls or of table tops and other furniture
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