38 terms

Africa Test

Mr. Newhart (P9+8)
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basin
a depression on the earth's surface
Nile River
world's longest river
rift valleys
long, thin valley created by the moving apart of the continental plates
Mount Kilimanjaro
volcano in Tanzania, Africa (Africa's highest peak)
escarpment
steep slope with flat plateau on top, example: table mountain.
Sahara
largest desert in the world
aquifer
an underground layer of rock that stores water
oasis
a place where water from an aquifer has reached the surface
Serengeti
area in east africa that contains some of the best grasslands
canopy
the tops of the trees in a rain forest
niger delta
the delta of the niger river, and an area of nigeria with rich oil deposits
Sahel
a narrow band of dry grassland, running east to west on the southern edge of the Sahara
desertification
an expansion of dry conditions to moist areas that are next to deserts
aswan high dam
a dam on the nile river in eygpt, that increased Eygpt's farmable land, and protected it from droughts and floods
silt
loose sedimentary material formed by river deposits and very fertile
olduvai gorge
a site of fossil beds in northern Tanzania (contains some of the oldest human bones and stuff)
askum
an important trading capital (8th century a.d.) flourished because of its location near the red sea and the indian ocean
berlin conference
a conference of 14 european nations held in 1884-1885 in berlin germany to establish rules for political control of Africa
cash crop
a crop grown for direct sale, and not for use in a reigon
Masai
a major ethnic group in East Africa that lives on grasslands of the rift valleys in Kenya and Tanzania (most Masai her livestock and farm the land)
pandemic
a disease affecting a large population over a wide geographic area
Carthage
one of the great empires of ancient africa, situated on a triangular peninsula on the Gulf of Tunis on the Mediterranean Sea
Islam
a monotheistic religion based on the teaching of the prophet Muhammad, and the biggest cultural and religious influence in North Africa
rai
a kind of popular Algerian music developed in the 1920s by poor urban children, which was sometimes used as a form of rebellion to expose political unhappiness
Goree Island
an island off the coast of Senegal that served as a major departure point for slaves during the slave trade
stateless society
one in which people use lineages, or families whose members are descended from a common ancestor, to govern themselves
Ashanti
a people who live in what is now Ghana, in West Africa, and who are known for heir artful weaving of colorful asasia, or kente cloth
Bantu Migrations
the movement of the Bantu peoples southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around a.d. 1000
King Leopold II
the Belgian king who opened up the African interior to European trade along the Congo River and by 1884 controlled the area known as the Congo Free State
Mobuto Sese Seko
the leader of Zaire, which is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, from its independence in the 1960s until 1998. He brought the country's businesses under national control, profited from the reorganization and used the army to hold power
fang sculpture
carved boxes containing the skulls and bones of deceased ancestors, creating by the Fang, who live in Gabon, southern Cameroon, and Equatorial Guinea
Great Zimbabwe
a city established in what is now Zimbabwe by the Shona around 1000; it became the capital of a thriving gold-trading area
Mutapa Empire
a state founded in the 15th century by a man named Mutata and that extended throughout all of present-day Zimbabwe except the eastern part
apartheid
a policy of complete separation of the races, instituted by the white minority government of South Africa in 1948
Nelson Mandela
one of the leaders of the African National Congress who led a struggles to end apartheid and was elected president in 1994 int he first all-race elections in South Africa
Sao Tome
a Portuguese slave place where they shipped slaves out
AIDS in africa
22 billion people in South Africa have AIDs because of lack of education, infrastructure, and health care
souks
marketplaces typically in an old section of a North African town or city