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HOSA 2nd 9 Weeks Exam
Terms in this set (100)
The most accurate method for taking a temperature is
A pulse is described as regular or irregular by its
A pulse rate over 100 beats per minute, except in children, is
80 kilograms = _________ pounds
176 pounds ( kg x 2.2 )
The position used for circulatory shock is
While testing vision with a Snellen chart, 20/20 vision means that-
the patient can see characters 20 millimeters high while standing 20 feet from the chart (feet over mm)
A technique used during a physical examination in which the physician taps and listens for sounds coming from various body organs is
The position used for vaginal exams, Pap tests, pelvic surgery, etc. is the _______ position
What position is used to examine the head, neck, and chest; and the head of bed is elevated to a 45° angle
What position would be appropriate for a patient experiencing dyspnea
What type of patients would most likely have a physicians order for daily weights
Patient in renal failure and patient with congestive heart failure
What scales would be used for a patient experiencing difficulty standing
Wheelchair scale and Bed scale with mechanical lift
44 inches is equivalent to what height
77 inches is equivalent to what height
What diagnostic tool is used to test for defects in distant vision?
What is the name of the instrument used to assess the eye
What is the name given to the test that assesses a patient for color blindness
When weighing an ambulatory adult patient, how should the patient stand on the scale
Facing the scale
heart sounds are caused by __________
Closing of the valves in the heart
Constant pressure in the walls of the arteries is
Difficult breathing with a high-pitched whistling or sighing sound during expiration is
What intervention would help to relieve the symptoms of orthopnea
Sit patient straight up in bed the bed
A sudden drop in blood pressure when an individual moves from a lying to a sitting or standing position is called
If a blood pressure cuff is too small, what type reading should you expect to receive
Falsely elevated reading
An adult with a heart rate greater than 100 bpm is experiencing what
A patient with a body temperature of 95°F or less is said to be what
What term is consistent with a respiratory rate less than 12 in adults?
Cheyne-Stokes respiration describes
periods of apnea and dyspnea
Another term for fever is
What term describes the condition associated with a body temperature of 104 degrees F or higher?
What is the normal range for a rectal temperature?
A patient with an oral temperature of 98.6 is considered to be _________
measure head circumference of an infant...
Hold the zero mark of the tape measure on the infant's forehead and bring the tape around the infant's head, above the ears, and back to the forehead
Normal vital signs for adults
What is an abnormal pulse pressure
130/86 (Systolic - Diastolic = 30 to 50)
What instrument would be used to assess a patient's tendon reflexes?
What supplies and/or PPE would a patient care technician need to check the temperature on a 6 month old patient?
Thermometer with rectal probe, lubricant, and gloves
What is the normal range for an adult systolic blood pressure?
What is the normal adult heart rate?
What is the normal adult respiratory rate?
What qualifies for hypertension?
(Systolic > 130
Diastolic > 80)
What is the normal infant heart rate?
What is the normal heart rate in children under the age of 7?
What is the normal heart rate in children over the age of 7?
What is the normal respiratory rate in infants?
What would be the most appropriate action for the patient care technician in the following situation... Elderly patient complains of getting dizzy when she first stands up as you are helping her out of the bed to the beside chair
Check the patient's heart rate and blood pressure while she is lying, sitting, and standing; and notify her RN of the results along with her complaint of dizziness
A patient with 20/40 vision...
Can read 40 mm tall letters at 20 feet away
How do you correctly measure a patient's pulse pressure?
Systolic blood pressure (-) diastolic blood pressure (=) pulse pressure
What is the correct setting for an aural thermometer when taking the temperature of a six-year-old patient?
Which cardiovascular condition is characterized by the deposition of fat containing substances on the coronary arterial lumens resulting in narrowing?
Coronary artery disease (CAD)
What cardiovascular condition is characterized by chest pain with exertion
How often should catheter care be performed
q8h or sooner prn
Where is the proper location for the urine drainage bag connected to a urinary catheter
Attached the frame of the bed
What is the most significant risk associated with a urinary catheter
What is the potential medical diagnosis for a patient who experiences gradually increasing dyspnea, anxiety, and edema of the feet and ankles?
Congestive Heart Failure
A patient who experiences crushing chest pain, diaphoresis, dyspnea, anxiety, and in some causes nausea & vomiting is likely experiencing __________
What term is used to describe the medical procedure used to treat cardiovascular disease in which a balloon catheter is introduced into the body via the femoral artery, inflated to dilate the lumen of the occluded artery, and a stent may or not be placed to reestablish blood flow?
What medications would be administered to a patient experiencing a MI to aid in preventing further clotting of the blood?
Morphine and Nitroglycerin
What information would be a benefit in reference to diet and lifestyle changes for a patient being discharged from the hospital post Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery?
1. Decrease stress
2. Increase exercise when you have healed from your CABG procedure and have been cleared by your MD
3. Decrease fat and sodium in your diet
(All of the above)
Treatment of congestive heart failure includes:
1. Medications to slow and strengthen the heartbeat
2. Administration of diuretics
3. Digitalis (aka digoxin)
(All of the above)
Cardiac arrythmias are the result of:
Disruption of the cardia conduction cycle
The coronary arteries that supply the myocardium with blood become ________ by atherosclerosis
Narrowed and constricted
narrowed and possibly occluded
An EKG performed a patient experiencing chest pain as a result of decreased oxygenation reveals __________
A patient with symptoms of a headache, light headedness, and epistaxis is likely experiencing
What term is used to describe a patient who has lost consciousness?
Which of the following information should be given to a patient with a diagnosis of HTN in reference to dietary modifications to aid in lowering the blood pressure?
Decrease sodium intake
What is the term used to describe the diameter of an artery?
Which of the following statements correctly describes treatment options for a patient with CAD?
Use of vasodilators to increase blood flow to the myocardium
Which of the following medications would be most appropriate for a patient whit CHF?
A patient with a diagnosis of angina pectoris should seek medical attention...
If chest pain persists more than 20 minutes after cessation of physical activity and administration of sublingual nitroglycerin
A key component of a diagnosis of angina pectoris is...
Chest pain upon exertion
Correctly describe the etiology of angina pectoris?
Atherosclerosis results is narrowing of the coronary arteries resulting in decreased blood flow to the myocardium
What do you NOT do when shaving a patient?
Shave opposite the direction of hair growth
What position should be used for the administration of enemas?
What is the correct temperature for the water used for a bed bath?
105-110 degrees F
When performing a bed bath, which of the following body parts listed below should be washed first?
Neck/chest (face to feet, then perineal area)
Providing or assisting a patient with personal hygiene...
1. Provides comfort to the patient
2. Promotes circulation
3. Allows the health care worker to assess the patient's skin for abnormalities
What is considered PO intake intake on an I&so record?
Anything liquid at room temperature
The PCT is performing a complete bed bath for a patient who is immobile. What actions should take place during the bath?
Wash the cleanest area first and the dirtiest area last & assess the patient's skin and ability to tolerate the bath during the procedure
You the PCT are preparing to bathe a patient with an IV in the right arm. Which arm should you take out of the gown first?
What is the safest method to transfer a non-weight bearing patient from the bed to the wheelchair?
How are pre-packaged disposable cleansing cloths, used for waterless baths, warmed prior to use
You the PCT are bathing a patient, and you notice their toenails need to be cut. What is your most appropriate action in reference to addressing the need?
Notify the RN so that the patient's MD can be consulted regarding the need
What patients must use an electric razor when the PCT shaves them
A patient taking anticoagulants to prevent blood clots
What is the appropriate PPE for a PCT placing a urine specimen into a biohazard bag before taking it to the lab for analysis
What should a PCT do if they notice an abnormality in the appearance of a patient's urine when emptying the urine collection unit of a catheter
Retain the urine and notify the RN for further instructions
When transferring a patient from the bed to wheelchair, how do you correctly position the wheelchair and assist the patient into the wheelchair if the patient has weakness in the left leg?
Position the wheelchair on the patient's right side and let them pivot off of the right leg
You the PCT are changing a patient's gown with a broken left arm... How do you correctly remove and replace the garment
Remove right arm first then left arm, reapply left arm first then right arm
Which of the following is contraindicated when cleaning and/or storing a patient's dentures?
Wrap them in a napkin and store them in the bedside table
What patients would a back rub/massage after their bed bath be contraindicated
Patient with coronary artery disease
A special folding technique that secures the linen under the mattress
A special device used to keep linen off of the patients legs and feet
Another word for bowel movement, the discharge of waste through the rectum
A hollow tube, usually made of rubber, used to drain urine from the bladder
Positioning body parts in relation to each other in order to maintain correct body posture is called what
An opening on the abdominal wall created after a surgical procedure
Emptying of the urinary bladder is called what
An opening into the small intestine through which stool is expelled
What is the normal respiratory rate in children?
What medication would be administered to a patient experiencing a MI to aid in preventing further clotting of the blood?
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