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TODS: Chapter 7- abdominal caviy
Terms in this set (25)
diaphragm, abdominal wall, pelvis
the abdominal cavity is bounded superiorly by the -----; anteriorly by the ------- muscles; posteriorly by the vertebral column, ribs, and iliac fossa; and inferiorly by the ----.
hypochondrium, epigastric, epigastrium, hypochondrium
The liver lies posterior t the lower ribs with the majority of the right lobe in the right ---- and in the -----; the left lobe lies in the ------ and the left -------.
the right kidney lies slightly ----- than the left
the aorta lies ------ to the spine, slightly to the ---- of the midline in the abdomen.
the inferior vena cave lies to the ----- of the spine. The ---- crus of the diaphragm arises from the sides of the bodies of the first three lumbar vertebrae.
the dome shaped muscle that separates the thorax from the abdominal cavity is the ------.
medial arcuate ligament
the medial borders of the two crura as they cross anterior to the aorta are connected by the----------.
the fibrous band that stretches from the xiphoid to the symphysis pubis is the -----
a sheath formed by the aponeuroses of the muscles of the lateral group is the ------ muscle.
pelvis major or false pelvis
part of the abdominal cavity proper and lying behind the iliac fossae, superior to the pelvic brim, is the -------.
pelvis minor or true pelvis
the ------ contains the pelvic cavity and is found inferior to the brim of the pelvis.
part of the intestine, rectum, urinary bladder, reproductive organs
List the four organs contained within the pelvic cavity
the peritoneum passes from the bladder to the uterus to form the ------- pouch.
between the uterus and the rectum the peritoneum forms the deep ------ pouch
the ------- tubes extend laterally from the fundus of the uterus and are enveloped by a fold of peritoneum known as the broad ligament
coccygeus and levator ani
a muscular "sling" composed of the ----- and ---- muscle forms the inferior boundary of the true pelvis and separates it from the perineum.
the muscles that lie along the posterior and lateral margins of the pelvis major are the ---- and ----.
the ---- muscles form the posterior pelvic wall.
the parietal peritoneum is the portion that lines the abdominal wall, but does not cover a viscus; the ---- peritoneum is the portion that covers an organ
the ----- omentum is attached to the greater curvature of the stomach and hangs down like an apron in the space between the small intestine and anterior abdominal wall
an extensive peritoneal pouch located behind the lesser omentum and stomach is the ----- sac
the opening to the lesser sac in the abdomen is the -----
the peritoneal ligaments are two-layered folds of ---- that attach lesser mobile solid viscera to the abdominal walls.
falciform, ligamentum teres
the liver is attached by the ligament to the ----- anterior abdominal wall and to the undersurface of the diaphragm. The ------ lies in the free borders of this ligament
the visceral peritoneum covers the spleen and is reflected onto the greater curvature of he stomach as the anterior layer of the -------- ligament.
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